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The History of the Future of Education Technology
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    This talk was presented (virtually) to Nathan Fisk’s class on digital media and learning at the University of South Florida.

    I’m currently working on a book called Teaching Machines, and I think that means my thoughts today are rather disjointed – this talk is one part ideas I’m working through for the book, and another part ideas pertaining to this class. I’m not sure I have a good balance or logical coherence between the two. But if you get lost or bored or whatever, know that I always post a copy of my talks online on my website, and you can read through later, should you choose.

    Ostensibly “working on a book” means less travel and speaking this fall, although I seem to have agreed to speak to several classes, albeit virtually. I’m happy to do so (and thank you for inviting me into your class), for as an advisor once cautioned me in graduate school when I was teaching but also writing my dissertation, “students will always be more engaging than a blank page.” Students talk back; the cursor in Word just blinks.

    I am doing some traveling too, even though I should probably stay at home and write. I’m visiting the archives of the Educational Testing Service in a week or so – maybe you know the organization for its exams the GRE and TOEFL – to continue my research into the history of education technology. The history of testing and technology are deeply interwoven. I’m there to look at some of the papers of Ben Wood, an education psychology professor at Columbia and the president of ETS after his retirement from the university. I’m interested, in part, in the work he did with IBM in the 1930s on building machines that could automatically grade multiple choice exams – standardized tests. I don’t want to rehash a talk I gave a couple of weeks ago to a class at Georgetown on why history matters except to say “history matters.” Education technology’s past shapes its present and its future.

    Design matters. Engineering matters. But so too does the context and the practices around technology. Culture matters. All of these systems and practices have a history. (That’s one of the key takeaways for you, if you’re taking notes.)

    Why does the cursor blink, for example? How does the blink direct and shape our attention? How is the writing we do – and even the thinking we do – different on a computer than on paper, in part because of blinks and nudges and notifications? (Is it?) How is the writing we do on a computer shaped by the writing we once did on typewriters? How is the testing we take, even when on paper, designed with machines in mind?

    The book I’m writing is about the pre-history of computers in education, if you will, as I am keen to help people understand how many of the beliefs and practices associated today’s education technologies predate the latest gadgetry. “Personalized learning,” for example, is arguably thousands of years old, and we can date the idea of individualizing education by using machines back to the 1920s. The compulsion for data collection and for data analysis might seem like something that’s bound up with computers and their capability to extract and store more and more personal data. But collecting data about schools and classrooms, measuring student performance, measuring teacher performance are also practices with very long histories.

    A side-note here on the topic of data collection and information accessibility: there’s nothing quite like visiting a museum or archives or library and seeing all the objects that aren’t digitized or even digitize-able to recognize that the people who tell you “you can learn everything on the Internet” are, to put it bluntly, full of shit. Moreover, visiting these institutions and working with their artifacts serves as a reminder about how fragile our records of the past can be. They are fragile as paper; and they are fragile when digital.

    I say this as someone who thinks a lot about her digital profile, about the data that she creates, about what she can control and what she cannot. I pay for my own domains to host my scholarship, my “portfolio” – something I would encourage all of you to do. I try to build and run as much of the infrastructure as I can. (You need not do that.) I do so with a lot of intentionality – I don’t have comments on my site, and don’t track who visits my websites, for example – the latter because I think a lot about security and surveillance, the former due to spam and trolls. I post my thoughts, my writing on my own websites, even though social media has really discouraged us from doing this. (Stop and think about the ways in which this occurs. Much like the blinking cursor, there is always intention to the design.) If you go to hackeducation.com or audreywatters.com, you can see hundreds of essays I’ve written; you can see how my thoughts have changed and developed over time.

    So while there’s a record of my writing on my websites, elsewhere I have become a “deleter.” Over the past year or so, it’s become very clear to me that, as a woman who works adjacent to technology, as a woman with strong opinions about technology, as a woman with a fairly high profile in her field, that it’s not a bad idea for me to start deleting old social media posts. I delete all my tweets after 30 days; I regularly delete everything I’ve posted to Facebook; I delete old emails. I know full well this doesn’t prevent my data from being used and misused or hacked or stolen; it just makes it harder to take 140 characters I typed in 2011 and rip them from their context. Instructions for making risotto that I sent someone in 2015 – god forbid – will never be part of some Russian conspiracy to alter the course of US politics.

    I confess, however, when I visit archives, I do feel bad that I delete things. I feel bad that I haven’t saved a lot of the papers and letters my mum assiduously kept as a record of my childhood and teenage years. When my little brother and I cleaned out my dad’s house a few years ago after he died, I threw a lot of that stuff away. And I worry sometimes about the essays and letters and Very Official Documents that perhaps I should have saved as an adult – not just the papers, but the digital files that are now (or perhaps soon to be) inaccessible because a file format has changed or because a disk became corrupted or because the Internet company that I used to store the stuff has gone out of business.

    I felt particularly guilty about all this when I visited the archives of the famed psychologist B. F. Skinner at Harvard University. (Not that I much like the idea of or see the need for having my papers gone through by future scholars. But still.) Skinner’s papers fill 82 containers – almost 29 cubic feet of stuff. Correspondence. Newspaper clippings. Data from his labs. Photographs. Notes. Lectures. An abundance for a researcher like me. I spent a week there in the Harvard University Archives, snapping photos of letters with my iPhone, and I barely scratched the surface.

    It would be a mistake to see something like Skinner’s papers as providing unfettered access to his thoughts, his life. An archive is collected and curated, after all. Items are selected for inclusion (either by the individual, by the family, or by the university, for example). These materials tell a story, but that story can give us only a partial understanding.

    Even if you, like me, balk at the idea of your papers being housed at a university library, it’s worth thinking about what sort of record you’re leaving behind, what sort of picture it paints about you – about your values, your beliefs, your habits, your interests, your “likes.” I don’t just mean your “papers”; I mean your digital footprint too. I don’t just mean your “legacy”; I mean what data you’re leaving behind now on a day-to-day basis. It’s worth thinking about how digital technologies are designed to glean certain information about you. Not just the letters you’ve written and the data about what, when, where, to whom, and so on, but a whole raft other metadata that every click generates. It’s worth thinking about how your behavior changes (and does not change) knowing (and not knowing) that this data is being recorded – that someone on Facebook is watching; that someone at Facebook is watching.

    We are clicking on a lot of things these days, flashing cursors and otherwise.

    There’s a passage that I like to repeat from an article by historian of education Ellen Condliffe Lagemann:


    I have often argued to students, only in part to be perverse, that one cannot understand the history of education in the United States during the twentieth century unless one realizes that Edward L. Thorndike won and John Dewey lost.


    (I am assuming, I suppose, that you know who these two figures are: Edward L. Thorndike was an educational psychology professor at Columbia University who developed his theory of learning based on his research on animal behavior – perhaps you’ve heard of this idea of his idea, the “learning curve,” the time it took for animals to escape his puzzle box after multiple tries. And John Dewey was a philosopher whose work at the University of Chicago Lab School was deeply connected with that of other social reformers in Chicago – Jane Addams and Hull House, for example. Dewey was committed to educational inquiry as part of democratic practices of community; Thorndike’s work, on the other hand, happened largely in the lab but helped to stimulate the growing science and business of surveying and measuring and testing students in the early twentieth century. And this is shorthand for Condliffe Lagemann’s shorthand, I realize, but you can think of this victory in part as the triumph of multiple choice testing over project-based inquiry.)

    Thorndike won, and Dewey lost. I don’t think you can understand the history of education technology without realizing this either. And I’d propose an addendum to this too: you cannot understand the history of education technology in the United States during the twentieth century – and on into the twenty-first – unless you realize that Seymour Papert lost and B. F. Skinner won.

    (I am assuming here, I admit, that you have done some of what I think is the assigned reading for this course. Namely, you’ve looked at Papert’s The Children’s Machine and you’ve read my article on Skinner.)

    Skinner won; Papert lost. Oh, I can hear the complaints I’ll get on social media already: what about maker-spaces? What about Lego Mindstorms? What about PBL?

    I maintain, even in the face of all the learn-to-code brouhaha that multiple choice tests have triumphed over democratically-oriented inquiry. Indeed, clicking on things these days seems to increasingly be redefined as a kind of “active” or “personalized” learning.

    Now, I’m not a fan of B. F. Skinner. I find his ideas of radical behaviorism to be rather abhorrent. Freedom and agency – something Skinner did not believe existed – matter to me philosophically, politically. That being said, having spent the last six months or so reading and thinking about the guy almost non-stop, I’m prepared to make the argument that he is, in fact, one of the most important theorists of the 21st century.

    “Wait,” you might say, “the man died in 1990.” “Doesn’t matter,” I’d respond. His work remains incredibly relevant, and perhaps insidiously so, since many people have been convinced by the story that psychology textbooks like to tell: that his theories of behaviorism are outmoded due to the rise of cognitive science. Or perhaps folks have been convinced by a story that I worry I might have fallen for and repeated myself: that Skinner’s theories of social and behavioral control were trounced thanks in part to a particularly vicious book review of his last major work, Beyond Freedom and Dignity, a book review penned by Noam Chomsky in 1971. “As to its social implications,” Chomsky wrote. “Skinner’s science of human behavior, being quite vacuous, is as congenial to the libertarian as to the fascist.”

    In education technology circles, Skinner is perhaps best known for his work on teaching machines, an idea he came up with in 1953, when he visited his daughter’s fourth grade classroom and observed the teacher and students with dismay. The students were seated at their desks, working on arithmetic problems written on the blackboard as the teacher walked up and down the rows of desks, looking at the students’ work, pointing out the mistakes that she noticed. Some students finished the work quickly, Skinner reported, and squirmed in their seats with impatience waiting for the next set of instructions. Other students squirmed with frustration as they struggled to finish the assignment at all. Eventually the lesson was over; the work was collected so the teacher could take the papers home, grade them, and return them to the class the following day.

    “I suddenly realized that something must be done,” Skinner later wrote in his autobiography. This classroom practice violated two key principles of his behaviorist theory of learning. Students were not being told immediately whether they had an answer right or wrong. A graded paper returned a day later failed to offer the type of positive behavioral reinforcement that Skinner believed necessary for learning. Furthermore, the students were all forced to proceed at the same pace through the lesson, regardless of their ability or understanding. This method of classroom instruction also provided the wrong sort of reinforcement – negative reinforcement, Skinner argued, penalizing the students who could move more quickly as well as those who needed to move more slowly through the materials.

    So Skinner built a prototype of a mechanical device that he believed would solve these problems – and solve them not only for a whole classroom but ideally for the entire education system. His teaching machine, he argued, would enable a student to move through exercises that were perfectly suited to her level of knowledge and skill, assessing her understanding of each new concept, and giving immediate positive feedback and encouragement along the way. He patented several versions of the device, and along with many other competitors, sought to capitalize what had become a popular subfield of educational psychology in the 1950s and 1960s: programmed instruction.

    We know that story well in education technology. I know I have told it a hundred times. Skinner probably told it many more than that. It’s sort of the archetypal story for ed-tech, if you will. Man sees problem in the classroom; man builds technological solution. Man tries to sell technological solution; schools don’t want it, can’t afford it. The computer comes along; now teaching machines are everywhere. There’s a nice narrative arc there, a nice bit of historical determinism (which, for the record, I do not subscribe to).

    The teaching machine wasn’t the first time that B. F. Skinner made headlines – and he certainly make a lot of headlines for the invention, in part because the press linked his ideas about teaching children, as Skinner did himself no doubt, to his research on training pigeons. “Can People Be Taught Like Pigeons?” Fortune magazine asked in 1960 in a profile on Skinner and his work. Indeed, pigeons weren’t the first time Skinner had made the news. The public was arguably already familiar with the name by the time the teaching machine craze occurred in the late 1950s. Although Project Pigeon – his efforts during World War II to build a pigeon-guided missile (yes, you heard that right) – wasn’t declassified until 1958, Skinner’s work training a rat named Pliny had led to a story in Life magazine in 1937, and in 1951, there were a flurry of stories about his work on pigeons. (The headlines amuse me to no end, as Skinner was a professor at Harvard by then, and many of them say things like “smart pigeons attend Harvard” and “Harvard Pigeons are Superior Birds Too.” Fucking Harvard.)

    Like Edward Thorndike – and arguably inspired by Edward Thorndike (or at least by other behaviorists working in the field of what was, at the time, quite a new discipline) – Skinner worked in his laboratory with animals (at first rats, then briefly squirrels, and then most famously pigeons) in order to develop techniques to control behavior. Using a system of reinforcements – food, mostly – Skinner was able to condition his lab animals to perform certain tasks. Pliny the Rat “works a slot machine for living,” as Life described the rat’s manipulation of a marble; the pigeons could play piano and ping pong and ostensibly even guide a missile towards a target.

    In graduate school, Skinner had designed an “operant conditioning chamber” for training animals that came to be known as the “Skinner Box.” The chamber typically contained some sort of mechanism for the animal to operate – a plate for a pigeon to peck (click!), for example – that would result in a chute releasing a pellet of food.

    It is perhaps unfortunate then that when Skinner wrote an article for Ladies Home Journal in 1945, describing a temperature-controlled, fully-enclosed crib he’d invented for he and his wife’s second child, that the magazine ran it with the title “Baby in a Box.” (The title Skinner had given his piece: “Baby Care Can Be Modernized.”)

    Skinner’s wife had complained to him about the toll that all the chores associated with a newborn had taken with their first child, and as he wrote in his article, “I felt that it was time to apply a little labor-saving invention and design to the problems of the nursery.” Skinner’s “air crib” (as it eventually came to be called) allowed the baby to go without clothing, save the diaper, and without blankets; and except for feeding and diaper-changing and playtime, the baby was kept in the crib all the time. Skinner argued that by controlling the environment – by adjusting the temperature, by making the crib sound-proof and germ-free – the baby was happier and healthier. And the workload on the mother was lessened – “It takes about one and one-half hours each day to feed, change, and otherwise care for the baby,” he wrote. “This includes everything except washing diapers and preparing formula. We are not interested in reducing the time any further. As a baby grows older, it needs a certain amount of social stimulation. And after all, when unnecessary chores have been eliminated, taking care of a baby is fun.”

    As you can probably imagine, responses to Skinner’s article in Ladies Home Journal fell largely into two camps, and there are many, many letters in Skinner’s archives at Harvard from magazine readers. There were those who thought Skinner’s idea for the “baby in a box” bordered on child abuse – or at the least, child neglect. And there were those who loved this idea of mechanization – science! progress! – and wanted to buy one, reflecting post-war America’s growing love of gadgetry in the home, in the workplace, and in the school.

    As history of psychology professor Alexandra Rutherford has argued, what Skinner developed were “technologies of behavior.” The air crib, the teaching machine, “these inventions represented in miniature the applications of the principles that Skinner hoped would drive the design of an entire culture,” she writes. He imagined this in his novel Walden Two, a utopian (I guess) novel in which he envisaged a community that had been socially and environmentally engineered to reinforce survival and “good behavior.” But this wasn’t just fiction for Skinner; he practiced this throughout his science and “gadgeteering,” inventing technologies and applying them to solve problems and to improve human behavior – all in an attempt to re-engineer the entire social order and to make the world a better place.

    “The most important thing I can do,” Skinner famously said, “is to develop the social infrastructure to give people the power to build a global community that works for all of us,” adding that he intended to develop “the social infrastructure for community – for supporting us, for keeping us safe, for informing us, for civic engagement, and for inclusion of all.”

    Oh wait. That wasn’t B. F. Skinner. That was Mark Zuckerberg. My bad.

    I would argue, in total seriousness, that one of the places that Skinnerism thrives today is in computing technologies, particularly in “social” technologies. This, despite the field’s insistence that its development is a result, in part, of the cognitive turn that supposedly displaced behaviorism.

    B. J. Fogg and his Persuasive Technology Lab at Stanford is often touted by those in Silicon Valley as one of the “innovators” in this “new” practice of building “hooks” and “nudges” into technology. These folks like to point to what’s been dubbed colloquially “The Facebook Class” – a class Fogg taught in which students like Kevin Systrom and Mike Krieger, the founders of Instagram, and Nir Eyal, the author of Hooked, “studied and developed the techniques to make our apps and gadgets addictive,” as Wired put it in a recent article talking about how some tech executives now suddenly realize that this might be problematic.

    (It’s worth teasing out a little – but probably not in this talk, since I’ve rambled on so long already – the difference, if any, between “persuasion” and “operant conditioning” and how they imagine to leave space for freedom and dignity. Rhetorically and practically.)

    I’m on the record elsewhere arguing this framing – “technology as addictive” – has its problems. Nevertheless it is fair to say that the kinds of compulsive behavior that we display with our apps and gadgets is being encouraged by design. All that pecking. All that clicking.

    These are “technologies of behavior” that we can trace back to Skinner – perhaps not directly, but certainly indirectly due to Skinner’s continual engagement with the popular press. His fame and his notoriety. Behavioral management – and specifically through operant conditioning – remains a staple of child rearing and pet training. It is at the core of one of the most popular ed-tech apps currently on the market, ClassDojo. Behaviorism also underscores the idea that how we behave and data about how we behave when we click can give programmers insight into how to alter their software and into what we’re thinking.

    If we look more broadly – and Skinner surely did – these sorts of technologies of behavior don’t simply work to train and condition individuals; many technologies of behavior are part of a broader attempt to reshape society. “For your own good,” the engineers try to reassure us. “For the good of the world.”


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  • 10/19/18--12:15: Hack Education Weekly News
  • Each week, I gather a wide variety of links to education and education technology articles. All this feeds the review I write each December on the stories we are told about the future of education. I’m assembling this week’s news roundup on a flight with patchy WiFi, so I’m probably missing a bunch of stories.

    (National) Education Politics


    Via Education Week: “Betsy DeVos: Lack of Civics Education Draws Students to Ideas Like Socialism.” What is leading them to fascism, Betsy?

    Via The Chronicle of Higher Education: “DeVos Calls Democratic Senator’s Public Criticism of Draft Title IX Rules ‘Unbecoming and Irresponsible’.”

    Via ProPublica: “GOP Senator Pushed VA to Use Unproven ‘Brainwave Frequency’ Treatment.” That would be Nevada Senator Dean Heller.

    Digital Promise Global has received a three-year, $1 million grant from the National Science Foundation to address equitable access to computational education in public schools,” Education Week reports.

    There are more Department of Education stories in the financial aid section, in the accreditation section, and in the “guns are ed-tech” section below.

    (State and Local) Education Politics


    Via The New York Times and ProPublica: “‘You Are Still Black’: Charlottesville’s Racial Divide Hinders Students.”

    Via The Oregonian’s Bethany Barnes: “Portland police inaction on child porn case against teacher ‘concerning’.”

    Via New York Magazine: “Mark Zuckerberg Is Trying to Transform Education. This Town Fought Back.” Or at least CZI is trying to convince schools to buy into its Summit learning management system.

    Via The New York Times: “Homelessness in New York Public Schools Is at a Record High: 114,659 Students.”

    Via Chalkbeat: “Maine went all in on ‘proficiency-based learning’ – then rolled it back. What does that mean for the rest of the country?”

    Via The Chronicle of Higher Education: “How This Sociologist’s Research Led a State to Abolish the Death Penalty.” “This sociologist” is University of Washington’s Katherine Beckett. The state, Washington.

    Via Chalkbeat: “Eve Ewing explains why some communities just can’t get over school closings.” Buy her book on school closures in Chicago, Ghosts in the Schoolyard.

    Immigration and Education


    Via Chalkbeat: “School health clinics could take a hit under rule to restrict green cards for immigrants who receive public aid.”

    Via Politico: “A proposed rule to change the H–1B visa lottery registration process also could change the educational composition of visa holders, according to a DHS official with knowledge of the regulation.”

    Education in the Courts


    Plenty of stories in the news this week about the court case alleging bias in Harvard admissions. Via The Chronicle of Higher Education: “Harvard Admissions Trial Opens With Arguments Focused on Diversity.” Via NPR: “Harvard Student Discusses Why She Opposes The University’s Admissions Process.” Also via NPR: “Harvard Student Discusses Why She Supports The University’s Admissions Process.” Via Buzzfeed: “Harvard Wants To Admit Donors’ Kids, Even If That Makes The School More White.” More via The Atlantic and via The Washington Post.

    James Damore is moving his lawsuit against Google out of court,” The Verge reports.

    Via The Washington Post: “Jury awards $1.3 million to professor in American Universityage-discrimination case.”

    Via KRQE: “Charter school founder sentenced to 5 years for fraud.” That’s Scott Glasrud, founder of the Southwest Learning Centers chain of charters.

    There is more legal wrangling in the for-profit higher ed section, in the financial aid section, and in the “guns are ed-tech” sections below.

    The Business of Financial Aid


    Via Politico: “Court win for student loan protections a setback for DeVos.”

    NPR on“Why Public Service Loan Forgiveness Is So Unforgiving.”

    More financial aid stories in the for-profit higher ed section below.

    The “New” For-Profit Higher Ed


    Via Inside Higher Ed: “In lawsuit filed against Betsy DeVos, Education Corporation of America argues that it needs major financial restructuring but that campuses will have to close without federal student aid.”

    Jon Marcus writes in Education Next about the future of for-profit higher ed.

    Online Education (and the Once and Future “MOOC”)


    Via Forbes: “This Company Could Be Your Next Teacher: Coursera Plots A Massive Future For Online Education.”

    There’s more MOOC news in the “business of education” section below.

    Kara Swisher interviews2U CEO Chip Paucek.

    Meanwhile on Campus…


    Via Inside Higher Ed: “Clark College, a community college in Washington State, has announced that it will call off classes and other activities on Monday, the day that Patriot Prayer, a far-right group whose rallies have been violent, will be holding one on campus.”

    How many colleges and universities have closed since 2016?” asks Education Dive. It’s only interested in for-profits, I guess.

    Via Inside Higher Ed: “MIT Announces Plan for $1B Effort on Computing, AI.”

    Yes, Guns Are Ed-Tech (and It’s So F*cked Up that I Had to Make This a Category)


    Via The Appeal: “Secretive Campus Cops Patrol Already Overpoliced Neighborhoods.”

    Via OregonLive.com: “Patriot Prayer, fresh off wild street brawl, to talk guns at Vancouver colleges.” There’s more on this white nationalist group up in the “on campus” section.

    Via The Huffington Post: “U.S. Department Of Education Is Sued For Withholding Information On Arming Teachers.”

    Via The New York Times: “Mad Magazine’s ABCs of a School Shooting Give It a Boost of Relevance.”

    Via the BBC: “Crimea attack: Gun attack at Kerch college kills 19.”

    Accreditations and Certifications and Competencies


    Via WCET Frontiers: “The Department of Education’s Plans for Overhauling Accrediting and Innovation Regulations.”

    Testing


    Via the AP: “Math Scores Slide to a 20-Year Low on ACT.”

    Via the St. Louis Post Dispatch: “Tests Taken by High School Students 58 Years Ago Could Predict Whether They Get Alzheimer’s.”

    Go, School Sports Team!


    A sneak peek at Joshua Hunt’s new book in Pacific Standard: “The Secret Betrayal That Sealed Nike’s Special Influence Over the University of Oregon.”

    Labor and Management


    Via The New York Times: “Original Big Bird, Caroll Spinney, Leaves ‘Sesame Street’ After Nearly 50 Years.”

    Via The LA Times: “Teacher who recounted Trump aide eating glue as a child is placed on paid leave.” That would be Stephen Miller, anti-immigrant glue-eater.

    The Business of Job Training


    Here’s the Boing Boing headline on a new journal article about the Manne seminars at George Mason University: “A data-driven look at the devastating efficacy of a far-right judge-education program.”

    Via Inside Higher Ed: “Google Brings Computing Courses to 10 Colleges.”

    I’m not sure this article goes in this section, but anyway… Via The New York Times: “Could an Ex-Convict Become an Attorney? I Intended to Find Out.”

    This Week in Betteridge’s Law of Headlines


    Can blockchain transform credentialing?asks eCampus News.

    (Reminder: according to Betteridge’s Law of Headlines, “Any headline that ends in a question mark can be answered by the word no.”)

    Upgrades and Downgrades


    Via Motherboard: “The iPhone’s New Parental Controls Block Searches for Sex Ed, Allow Violence and Racism.”

    Coming soon to a “flexible classroom” near you: “Panasonic’s human blinkers help people concentrate in open-plan offices,” says Dezeen.

    “How a 5-Decade Old Education Company Reinvented Itself” – Edsurge interviews the CEO of the company formerly known as Curriculum Associates.

    Congratulations to Edsurge, which just realized that “free textbooks are not always free.” There is still labor involved. Pay writers.

    Sponsored content on Edsurge this week, paid for by MacMillan Learning, by ReadingPlus, by Google, and by Gutenberg Technology. Despite reading like an ad, this apparently is not sponsored content.

    Robots and Other Education Science Fiction


    “A Humanoid Robot Gave a Lecture in a West Point Philosophy Course,” says Futurism.com. Wait wait wait. The robot presents as a black female? JFC.

    (Venture) Philanthropy and the Business of Education Reform


    Sponsored content on Edsurge, sponsored by the Chan Zuckerberg Initiative, includes this on wellness programs,

    Via EdWeek Market Brief: “Money Is Flowing to Social-Emotional Learning: Allstate Foundation Dedicates $45 Million.”

    Via Futurism.com: “This Group is Giving Away Art Robots to Public Schools.” “This group” is the Conru Foundation.

    Venture Capital and the Business of Education


    Mrs. Wordsworth has raised $11 million from Trustbridge Partners, Reach Capital, and Kindred Venture Capital. The literacy startup has raised $13.5 million total.

    Devonshire Investors has acquired MOOC startup NovoEd.

    Veritas Capital has acquiredCambium Learning Group from Veronis Suhler Stevenson for $14.50 per share.

    Inside Higher Ed onChinese companies buying US colleges.

    Data, Surveillance, and Information Security


    “More than 500 law students at Georgetown University have signed a petition asking the law school to scrap its new exam software,” Inside Higher Ed reports, due to privacy and security concerns. The software in question: Exam4.

    I’m keeping an eye on stories related to genetic testing, because I do hear some low-level rumblings about how this can be tied into the future of “precision education.” So bookmark this and this, I guess.

    Research, “Research,” and Reports


    Via Inside Higher Ed: “A new report from the Urban Institute used federal data to analyze the ‘mix-match’ between the share of residents with four-year degrees (or some college) and the share of jobs requiring college educations in 387 metropolitan areas. The institute found that mix-matches are common, and that this challenge is unlikely to change soon.”

    Edsurge published a story by folks from Entangled Solutions, writing about a report they wrote, funded by the Edsurge funder Omidyar Network. Small world. But anyway, the headline: “As Alternative Higher-Ed Pathways Take Off, We’re Still Forgetting Parent Learners.”

    Larry Cuban on“The Standardized Classroom (Part 1).”

    Dan Cohen on“What We Learned from Studying the News Consumption Habits of College Students.”

    “New research study finds more modest benefits to a Mooresville, N.C., laptop program that was once lauded as a national model,” says The Hechinger Report.

    Via Chalkbeat: “What our local education reporters learned when we collaborated with ProPublica to look at equity data.”

    Paging the grievance studies trio! Look at this problematic research! Via The New York Times: “Harvard Calls for Retraction of Dozens of Studies by Noted Cardiac Researcher.”

    RIP


    Bill Gates penned a remembrance for Paul Allen, fellow co-founder of Microsoft: “What I loved about Paul Allen.”

    Icon credits: The Noun Project


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    These are my prepared remarks, delivered on a panel titled “Outsourcing the Classroom to Ed Tech & Machine-learning: Why Parents & Teachers Should Resist” at the Network for Public Education conference in Indianapolis. The other panelists were Peter Greene and Leonie Haimson. I had fifteen minutes to speak; clearly this is more than I could actually fit into that timeframe.

    I want to start off my remarks this morning by making two assertions that I hope are both comforting and discomforting.

    First, the role that corporations and philanthropists play in shaping education policy is not new. They have been at this a long, long time.

    Companies have been selling their products – textbooks, workbooks, maps, films, and so on – to schools for well over a century. Pearson, for example, was founded (albeit as a construction company) in 1844 and acquired along the long history various textbook publishing companies which have also been around since the turn of the twentieth century. IBM, for its part, was founded in 1911 – a merger of three office manufacturing businesses – and it began to build testing and teaching machines in the 1930s. Many companies – and certainly these two in particular – also have a long history of data collection and data analysis.

    These companies and their league of marketers and advocates have long argued that their products will augment what teachers can do. Augment, not replace, of course. Their products will make teachers’ work easier, faster, companies have always promised. Certainly we should scrutinize these arguments – we can debate the intentions and the results of “labor-saving devices” and we can think about the implications of shifting of expertise and control from a teacher to a textbook to a machine. But I’d argue that, more importantly perhaps, we must recognize that there is no point in the history of the American public education system that we can point to as the golden age of high quality, equitable, commercial free schooling.

    My second assertion: that as long as these companies and their evangelists have been pitching their products to schools, they have promised a “revolution.” (Perhaps it’s worth pointing out here: “revolutions,” to me at least, mean vast and typically violent changes to the social and political order.) So far at least these predictions have always been wrong.

    Thomas Edison famously predicted in 1922, for example, “I believe that the motion picture is destined to revolutionize our educational system and that in a few years it will supplant largely, if not entirely, the use of textbooks.” He continued – and I think this is so very revealing about the goals of much of this push for technological reform, “I should say that on the average we get about two percent efficiency out of schoolbooks as they are written today. The education of the future, as I see it, will be conducted through the medium of the motion picture… where it should be possible to obtain one hundred percent efficiency.”

    Educational films were going to change everything. Teaching machines were going to change everything. Educational television was going to change everything. Virtual reality was going to change everything. The Internet was going to change everything. The Macintosh computer was going to change everything. The iPad was going to change everything. Khan Academy was going to change everything. MOOCs were going to change everything. And on and on and on.

    Needless to say, movies haven’t replaced textbooks. Computers and YouTube videos haven’t replaced teachers. The Internet has not dismantled the university or the school house.

    Not for lack of trying, no doubt. And it might be the trying that we should focus on as much as the technology.

    The transformational, revolutionary potential of these technologies has always been vastly, vastly overhyped. And it isn’t simply, as some education reformers like to tell it, that it’s because educators or parents are resistant to change. It’s surely in part because the claims that marketers make are often just simply untrue. My favorite ludicrous claim remains that of Knewton’s CEO who told NPR in 2015 that his company was a “mind reading robot tutor in the sky.” I don’t care how much data you collect about students – well, I do care – but that does not mean, as this CEO said at a Department of Education event, that “We literally know everything about what you know and how you learn best, everything.” (My man here does not even know how to use the word “literally.”)

    This promised “ed-tech revolution” hasn’t occurred either in part because the predictions that technologists make are so often divorced from the realities of institutional and individual practices, from the cultures, systems, beliefs, and values of schools and their communities. No one wants a machine to read their children’s minds, thank you very much.

    There is arguably no better example of this than the predictions made about artificial intelligence. (No surprise, that includes companies like Knewton who like to say they’re using AI – data collection, data analysis, and algorithms – to improve teaching and learning.) Stories about human-made objects having some sort of mental capacity are ancient; they’re legends. (I’m a folklorist. Trust me when I say they’re legends – exaggerated stories that some people do believe to be true.)

    The field of artificial intelligence – programmable, digital computers functioning as some sort of electronic “brain” – dates back to the 1950s. And those early AI researchers loved the legend, making grandiose claims about what their work would soon be able to do: in 1965, for example, Herbert Simon said that “machines will be capable, within twenty years, of doing any work a man can do.” In 1970, Marvin Minsky said that “in from three to eight years, we will have a machine with the general intelligence of an average human being.” Fifty, sixty years later, we still don’t.

    Sure, there have been some very showy achievements: IBM’s Deep Blue defeated Garry Kasparov at a game of chess. IBM’s Watson won at Jeopardy. IBM loves these sorts of PR stunts, and it continues to market its AI product-line as hinged on Watson’s celebrity – it purports to be the future of “personalized education.” It’s working with Sesame Street, which kills me. But Watson is not remotely close to the “artificial intelligence” that the company, and the industry more broadly, likes to tout. (A doctor using Watson for cancer treatment described it as “a piece of shit.”) Watson is not some sentient, hyper-intelligent entity. It’s not an objective and therefore superior decision-maker. It’s not a wise seer or fortune-teller.

    None of AI is. (And I don’t think it ever can or will be.)

    Mostly, today’s “artificial intelligence” is a blend of natural language processing – that is, computers being able to recognize humans’ language (either by typing or speaking) rather than being programmed via a computer language – and/or machine learning – that is, a technique that utilizes statistics and statistical modeling to improve the performance of a program or an algorithm. This is what Google does, for example, when you type something like “how many points LBJ” into the search bar, and you get results about LeBron James. Type “what percentage LBJ,” and you get results about how much the 36th president of the United States increased government spending. Google takes the data about what a website contains, along with how people search and what people click on, in part, to determine what to display in those “ten blue links” that show up on the first page of search results.

    In some ways, that’s a lot more mundane than the hype about AI. But it’s an AI I bet we all use daily.

    That doesn’t mean it’s not dangerous.

    To be clear, when I assert that the push for technology is not new and that the claims about technology are overblown, I don’t mean to imply that this latest push for education technology is irrelevant or inconsequential. To the contrary, in part because of the language that computer scientists have adopted – artificial intelligence, machine learning, electronic brains– they’ve positioned themselves to be powerful authorities when it comes to the future of knowledge and information and when it comes to the future of teaching and learning. The technology industry is powerful, politically and economically and culturally, in its own right, and many of its billionaire philanthropists seem hell-bent on reforming education.

    I think there’s a lot to say about machine learning and the push for “personalization” in education. And the historian in me cannot help but add that folks have trying to “personalize” education using machines for about a century now. The folks building these machines have, for a very long time, believed that collecting the student data generated while using the machines will help them improve their “programmed instruction” – this decades before Mark Zuckerberg was born.

    I think we can talk about the labor issues – how this continues to shift expertise and decision making in the classroom, for starters, but also how students’ data and students’ work is being utilized for commercial purposes. I think we can talk about privacy and security issues – how sloppily we know that these companies, and unfortunately our schools as well, handle student and teacher information.

    But I’ll pick two reasons that we should be much more critical about education technologies (because I seem to be working in a series of “make two points” this morning).

    First, these software programs are proprietary, and we – as educators, parents, students, administrators, community members – do not get to see how the machine learning “learns” and how its decisions are made. This is moving us towards what law professor Frank Pasquale calls a “black box society.” “The term ‘black box,’” he writes, “is a useful metaphor… given its own dual meaning. It can refer to a recording device, like the data-monitoring systems in planes, trains, and cars. Or it can mean a system whose workings are mysterious; we can observe its inputs and outputs, but we cannot tell how one becomes the other. We face these two meanings daily: tracked ever more closely by firms and government, we have no clear idea of just how far much of this information can travel, how it is used, or its consequences.” This, Pasquale argues, is an incredibly important issue for us to grapple with because, as he continues, “knowledge is power. To scrutinize others while avoiding scrutiny oneself is one of the most important forms of power.”

    I should note briefly that late last year, New York City passed a bill that would create a task force to examine the city’s automated decision systems. And that hopefully includes the algorithm that allocates spaces for students in the city’s high schools. How to resist: demand algorithmic transparency in all software systems used by public entities, including schools.

    The second reason to be critical of AI in ed-tech is that all algorithms are biased. I know we are being told that these algorithms are better, smarter, faster, more accurate but they are, as a recent RSA video put it, “an opinion embedded in math.” (Indeed, anytime you hear someone say “personalization” or “AI” or “algorithmic,” I urge you to replace that phrase with “prediction.”)

    Algorithms are biased, in part, because they’re built with data that’s biased, data taken from existing institutions and practices that are biased. They’re built by people who are biased. (Bless your hearts, white men, who think you are the rational objective ones and the rest of us just play “identity politics.”) Google Search is biased, as Safiya Noble demonstrates in her book The Algorithms of Oppression. Noble writes about the ways in which Search – the big data, the machine learning – maintains and even exacerbates social inequalities, particularly with regards to race and gender. Let’s be clear, Google Search is very much a “black box.” And again, it’s an AI we use every day.

    That Google Search (and Google News and Google Maps and Google Scholar and so on) has bias seems to me to be a much bigger problem than this panel was convened to address. We are supposed to be talking about ed-tech, and here I am suggesting that our whole digital information infrastructure is rigged. I think we’ve seen over the course of the past couple of years quite starkly what has happened when mis- and dis-information campaigns utilize this infrastructure – an infrastructure that is increasingly relying on machine learning – to show us what it thinks we should know. Like I said, it’s not just the technology we should pay attention to; it’s those trying to disrupt the social order.

    We are facing a powerful threat to democracy from new digital technologies and their algorithmic decision-making. And I realize this sounds a little overwrought. But this may well be a revolution, and it’s not one that its advocates necessarily predicted or is it, I’d wager one any of us want to be part of.


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  • 10/26/18--11:45: Hack Education Weekly News
  • *Each week, I gather a wide variety of links to education and education technology articles. All this feeds the review I write each December on the stories we are told about the future of education. (Oh my god, it’s almost time to start working on that year-end project.)

    (National) Education Politics


    Via Politico: “Employee satisfaction in the department [of Education]’s main K–12 office dropped markedly this year. Now the office wants to hire an outside contractor to help figure out why.” Um. I will tell you why for free.

    A mail bomb campaign targeted opponents of President Trump this week, but remember: the biggest threat to democracy and free speech are liberal students’ protests on elite college campuses.

    (State and Local) Education Politics


    Via The New York Times: “New York Knew Some Schools in Its $773 Million Plan Were Doomed. They Kept Children in Them Anyway.”

    Via NPR: “Texas High Schools To Require Police Interaction Education Video.”

    Via The Chronicle of Higher Education: “‘Degenerate and Murderous’: California Campus Republicans’ Platform Attacks College Culture.”

    Via AZ Central: “Arizona cancels vaccine program after backlash from parents who don’t vaccinate.”

    Via The Hechinger Report: “Documenting Maine’s failure to implement proficiency-based education.”

    Via The Atlantic: “Why Many College Dropouts Are Returning to School in North Carolina.”

    Via Chalkbeat: “A guide to the critical education race you’ve never heard of.” That is the race for the Michigan Board of Education.

    Via NPR: “Thousands Of Students Wait To Return To Class After Hurricane Michael.”

    Yes, I’m including a nod to this Philadelphia City Council resolution on the Flyers’ new mascot Gritty because 1) grit and 2) monsters:

    Immigration and Education


    Via ProPublica: “¿Conoces a un estudiante que fue detenido por ICE después de tener problemas en la escuela? Cuéntanos.”

    Via Edsource: “California colleges get funding to expand services to undocumented college students.”

    Education in the Courts


    The Harvard admissions court case continues. Stories include this from The New York Times: “What Would Happen if Harvard Stopped Considering Race in Admissions?”

    Via Inside Higher Ed: “The law firm representing hundreds of current and former students at the University of Southern California on Friday announced – and USC confirmed – a $215 million settlement with the university. The suit charged the university with failing to prevent sexual abuse by George Tyndall, formerly a gynecologist in the university’s health center, and for failing to take action as reports of the abuse surfaced.”

    Via The Olympian: “Washington Supreme Court upholds most of charter school law.”

    Via The Chronicle of Higher Education: “2 Former Officials at Fort Valley State U. Are Charged in Prostitution Investigation.”

    Via The Atlantic: “The Government Is Trying to Silence 21 Kids Hurt by Climate Change.”

    There’s more education-related legal news down in the information security section below. And there’s more legal news down in the sports section too, as well as in the for-profit higher ed section.

    “Free College”


    Via The Cavalier Daily: “In-state students from families earning less than $80K will be able to attend U.Va. tuition-free, Ryan announces.” That’s University of Virginia President Jim Ryan.

    The Business of Financial Aid


    Via Bloomberg: “The Student Loan Debt Crisis Is About to Get Worse.”

    Via The Outline: “The nation’s student loan debt crisis, mapped.”

    The “New” For-Profit Higher Ed


    Via Inside Higher Ed: “For-Profit College Attendance Linked to Poor Financial Outcomes.”

    Via Inside Higher Ed: “Cities rarely sue colleges, but New York has received so many complaints against for-profit institutions that it brought a complaint Friday against Berkeley College New York in state court.”

    There’s news about a new venture capital fund run by for-profit higher ed down in the venture capital section below.

    Online Education (and the Once and Future “MOOC”)


    Via Edsurge: “Academics Propose a ‘Blockchain University,’ Where Faculty (and Algorithms) Rule.” It’s called Woolf University, and its promoters say it will be a “decentralised, non-profit, democratic community.” And I mean, its founders are affiliated with Oxford and Edsurge cites Oral Roberts University in backing the idea of blockchains in education, and golly I can’t think of two more democratic communities. Can you?

    Via The Hill: “Karl Rove and David Axelrod partner for online class on winning elections” – an online class on the Masterclass platform, that is.

    Coursera’s 2018 Revenue Estimated to be $140 million,” Class Central estimates.

    Indiana University has joinededX.

    There’s more MOOC news down in the “labor and management” section below.

    Meanwhile on Campus…


    “Forget Lazy Rivers. Does Your College Offer a Concierge?” asks Inside Higher Ed.

    Via The Root: “Librarian Calls Cops on Student for Brazen Attempt at #StudyingWhileBlack.” That’s at Catholic University.

    “Elite Universities Are Entrenching a Privileged Class. An Endowment Tax Can Fix That,” writes Reihan Salam, executive editor of National Review in The Atlantic.

    Via Education Dive: “ Hobby Lobby is buying a college campus. What’s next?” Bible study, I’m guessing.

    This Edsurge article– “OER is Growing at Religious Colleges, But Raises Unique Challenges” – strikes me as a little weird, considering the long relationship between open education (the conference, at the very least) and former BYU professor David Wiley.

    Via The New York Times: “University Backed by George Soros Prepares to Leave Budapest Under Duress.”

    Via The Atlantic: “How High Schools Shaped American Cities.”

    Accreditations and Certifications and Competencies


    Getting Smart and the XQ Institute have released a “landscape analysis of competency-based education.”

    Testing


    Via The Washington Post: “SAT reclaims title of most widely used college admission test.”

    Go, School Sports Team!


    I’ve got Joshua Hunt’s new book The University of Nike sitting here on my desk. Here he is in The New York Times: “Tell Us 5 Things About Your Book: College Athletics and Its Corporate Sponsors.”

    Via the Courier Journal: “University of Louisville unveils Adidas-funded ethical leadership project.” HAHAHAHAHAHAHAHA. OMG. HAHAHAHAHAHAHAHA.

    Via Inside Higher Ed: “Two sports apparel company executives and an aspiring sports agent were found guilty Wednesday of wire fraud charges in connection with the most significant sports scandal in recent National Collegiate Athletic Association history – a scheme to pay off the families of men’s basketball recruits and secure their commitment to teams at Adidas-sponsored universities.” Something something Louisville and ethics…

    The Chronicle of Higher Education onLast Chance U school Independence Community College: “One College Used Football to Win Fame. But What Has It Lost?”

    Via The Atlantic: “College Sports Are Affirmative Action for Rich White Students.”

    Labor and Management


    Udacity CEO Vishal Makhijani is stepping down. Doesn’t look like the company has anyone to take his place yet.

    Graduate student assistants at campuses across the U.S. are pushing for $15 per hour, what they call a minimum living wage,” writes Inside Higher Ed.

    Via NPR: “Teachers Union President Accused Of Strong-Arm Tactics.” Literally. That would be Aaron Graves, the new head of the Springfield Education Association in Illinois, who was accused last year of putting a 7th-grader in a chokehold.

    Via Inside Higher Ed: “Faculty members at Purdue University are pushing the university to reconsider recent changes to health care plans, notably the decision to drop primary coverage for working spouses of Purdue employees whose own employers cover 50 percent or more of medical premiums.”

    Via Inside Higher Ed: “Margaret Spellings Reportedly Leaving UNC.”

    The Business of Job Training (and Educational Benefits for Employees)


    Sound the “jobs-that-don’t-exist-yet” education reform klaxon!!

    Upgrades and Downgrades


    More proof that education folks simply cannot let a bad idea die: Marist College has announced it is taking over the Mindset List formerly issued by Beloit College.

    Via The New York Times: “How Google Protected Andy Rubin, the ‘Father of Android’.” “Google could have fired Mr. Rubin and paid him little to nothing on the way out. Instead, the company handed him a $90 million exit package, paid in installments of about $2 million a month for four years, said two people with knowledge of the terms.” The story is much more than sexual misconduct allegations against Rubin. It’s a rot at the very core of the company’s leadership team. Remember: the biases of engineers and managers get baked into the software you use. Enjoy yourGoogle for Education products!

    Speaking of Google, “Google Is Teaching Children How to Act Online. Is It the Best Role Model?asks The NYT’s Natasha Singer and Sapna Maheshwari. And yes, this headline should go in the Betteridge’s Law section below. But really, it works so well next to this story about the sexual misconduct of Google execs, don’t you think?

    The Digital Gap Between Rich and Poor Kids Is Not What We Expected,” writes Nellie Bowles in The New York Times. Not sure who the “we” is here… Tech journalists maybe? See also, another Bowles story: “A Dark Consensus About Screens and Kids Begins to Emerge in Silicon Valley.” “I am convinced the devil lives in our phones and is wreaking havoc on our children,” says someone who works at the Chan Zuckerberg Initiative, a company that [checks notes] pledges to spend billions of dollars on kids and screens.

    The folks at Getting Smart promoteCS and SEL resources on Facebook for Education. And sure, why not. Why would one ever suspect that Facebook is simply a terrible idea for schools or for democratic institutions?!

    Khan Academy is launching a new series on US history and civics. Please god let Sal have read some books other than John Taylor Gatto’s if he talks about the history of education.

    Quizlet hits 50m monthly users,” says the tech PR site Techcrunch.

    More PR from Techcrunch: “Nintendo is bringing Labo kits to elementary schools.”

    The education company “dead pool” gets some new cold bodies this week…

    Professional Educational Services Group, which hires substitute teachers in Michigan, has closed its doors.

    Via Edsurge: “Months After Raising $27M, Education Startup Yogome Shuts Down Amid Fraud Allegations.”

    Via Edsurge: “MinecraftEdu Creators Struggle to Find a Second Hit.”

    Shot. Chaser.

    This Week in Betteridge’s Law of Headlines


    Are student loans succeeding?asks Bryan Alexander.

    Does Joining a Fraternity or Sorority Actually Improve Grades and Earnings After Graduation?asks The Chronicle of Higher Education.

    (Reminder: according to Betteridge’s Law of Headlines, “Any headline that ends in a question mark can be answered by the word no.”)

    Robots and Other Education Science Fiction


    Via Futurism.com: “Here Are the States Where a Robot Is Most Likely to Steal Your Job.” Spoiler alert, friends in my home state: Wyoming.

    (Venture) Philanthropy and the Business of Education Reform


    Oh there are venture philanthropy stories – and stories pushed by venture philanthropists – throughout this week’s round-up. See if you can spot them.

    Venture Capital and the Business of Education


    Repl.it has raised $4.5 million from Marc Andreessen, Andrew Chen, Bloomberg Beta, Reach Capital, and Y Combinator. The learn-to-code company has raised $4.6 million total.

    Classting has raised $4 million from Mistletoe. The messaging company has raised $12 million total.

    Juni Learning has raised $790,000 from Arielle Zuckerberg, Jessica Livingston, Adora Cheung, and Deborah Quazzo for – you guessed it – private tutoring.

    SNHU and LRNG are merging“to Create ‘WeWork for Education’ Via Digital Badges and Mini-Campuses.” JFC. Why.

    Video streaming site Cheddar has acquiredRate My Professors.

    Edsurge writes about a new venture capital fund, SEI Ventures, which is an offshoot of the merger of the for-profit higher ed businesses Strayer and Capella. One “catch” to the funding apparently: “Companies that take investment have to agree not to sell their products to a list of colleges that includes Arizona State University, Purdue University Global, Southern New Hampshire University and Western Governors University.”

    Via The Verge: “YouTube is investing $20M in educational content, creators.”

    Data, Surveillance, and Information Security


    Ed Tech Cybersecurity: Suppose they gave a data breach and nobody came,” writes Phil Hill on the Chegg data breach.

    Via Techcrunch: “Two hackers who stole millions of users’ data from ride-hailing firm Uber have been indicted on separate hacking charges related to a data breach at online learning portal Lynda.”

    Via The Verge: “Tim Cook warns of ‘data-industrial complex’ in call for comprehensive US privacy laws.”

    Research, “Research,” and Reports


    There’s more “research” up in the Betteridge’s Law of Headlines section above.

    Via The College Board: “Trends in College Pricing 2018.”

    Via Pew Research: “Nearly one-in-five teens can’t always finish their homework because of the digital divide.” So honestly, please spare me your breathless stories about how “students still do school work on snow days” this winter. Thanks in advance.

    Icon credits: The Noun Project


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  • 11/02/18--13:45: Hack Education Weekly News
  • Each week, I gather a wide variety of links to education and education technology articles. All this feeds the review I write each December on the stories we are told about the future of education. I’m starting on that project soon, and my god, this all looks so grim.

    (National) Education Politics


    Via Vox: “Brazilian media report that police are entering university classrooms to interrogate professors.” And this was before the far- right politician Jair Bolsonaro was elected the new president of Brazil.

    Via ThinkProgress: “Bolsonaro‘s party launches campaign against ’indoctrinator teachers’.” That’s all you lovers of Paolo Freire, to be sure.

    In related news: “Right-wing groups are recruiting students to target teachers,” says Reveal.

    Via Education Week: “Reorganization of U.S. Ed. Department’s Privacy Office to Take Effect in Early 2019.”

    Via the Center for American Progress: “How the DeVos Family Is Buying Political Sway Ahead of the Midterm Elections.”

    “Who’s Meeting With DeVos? Lots of Republicans, Few Democrats,” says Education Week.

    There’s another story on DeVos and virtual schools down in the “online education” section below.

    (State and Local) Education Politics


    Buzzfeed on a campaign in Massachusetts: “Transgender Teens Could Destroy The Bathroom Predator Myth Once And For All.”

    Via The New York Times: “After Teacher Walkouts, Arizona Republicans Jostle Onto Education Platform.”

    Via Chalkbeat: NYC schools Chancellor Richard “Carranza unveils capital plan with $750 million in fixes for disability access.”

    There’s more NYC school news in the testing section below.

    Via Chalkbeat: “After 120 days on the job, Newark’s new superintendent is asked: Where’s your plan?”

    Education in the Courts


    The Harvard admissions trial is wrapping up – coverage in The Chronicle of Higher Education.

    Via Inside Higher Ed: “Appeals court ruling continues decade-long legal battle between Georgia State University and three publishers over what constitutes ”fair use“ of course materials.”

    Via The Salt Lake Tribune: “Utah Valley University paid $45,000 to settle former Title IX director’s whistleblower lawsuit.”

    The Business of Financial Aid


    News from the most well-funded ed-tech company, student loan provider SoFi:

    Via The Chronicle of Higher Education: “Economic Boom Isn’t Helping Some Student-Loan Debtors, Advocacy Group Says.”

    The “New” For-Profit Higher Ed


    Via The Seattle Times: “Art Institute of Seattle lays off all but 3 full-time teachers amid fears for school’s future.”

    There’s an update on the potential sale of for-profit operator Navitas down in “the business of education” section.

    Online Education (and the Once and Future “MOOC”)


    “Life Is Complicated: Distance Learning Helps,” says The New York Times.

    Via Chalkbeat: “Here’s what Betsy DeVos has to say about Indiana’s failing virtual schools.”

    Via Edsurge: “The Beginning of a New Era in the Online Degree Market.”

    Meanwhile on Campus…


    The ongoing saga at the University of Maryland: Via The Washington Post (on Tuesday): “U-Md. president to retire in wake of football death.” Then, “A Day Later, Football Coach Out at Maryland,” Inside Higher Ed reported. “Board Chairman Resigns in Fallout Over a Maryland Football Player’s Death,” The New York Times reported on Thursday. “University of Maryland’s accreditation under review in wake of football death,” The Washington Post reported on Thursday.

    University of Nebraska political science professor Ari Kohen “liked” a photo on Facebook depicting a defaced campaign sign for Congressman Jeff Fortenberry. One of Fortenberry’s staffers apparently called Kohen and his department chair and the school chancellor to complain about the professor’s support for “political vandalism.” The Lincoln Journal Star has the story. But remember, kids, the biggest threat to free speech on campus comes from liberal students.

    Via The Chronicle of Higher Education: “U. of Virginia Bans Richard Spencer and Other Leaders of Violent ‘Unite the Right’ Rally.”

    Buzzfeed on complaints about a special education teacher at Redlands High School in California: “‘He Betrayed My Trust’: How Students With Special Needs Finally Stopped Their Abusive Teacher.”

    Via The Chronicle of Higher Education: “With Student Interest Soaring, Berkeley Creates New Data-Sciences Division.”

    Writing in The Atlantic, Jeffrey Selingo argues, “As Humanities Majors Decline, Colleges Try to Hype Up Their Programs.”

    Via Inside Higher Ed: “Valparaiso Law School announced its plans to close less than a month after the Tennessee Higher Education Commission rejected its plan to transfer to a public university in that state.”

    Yes, Guns Are Ed-Tech (and It’s So F*cked Up that I Had to Make This a Category)


    Via The New York Magazine: “The Class of 1946–2018 Twenty-seven school-shooting survivors bear their scars, and bear witness.”

    Via The New York Times: “At Butler High School in N.C., Bullying Led to Fatal Shooting of Student, Police Say.” Via WSOCTV: “Matthews police to add officers at schools after deadly shooting at Butler HS.”

    On the heels of a mass shooting at a Pittsburgh synagogue, Inside Higher Ed writes, “For Hillel, Community and Safety.”

    Accreditations and Certifications and Competencies


    There are some accreditation rumblings at the University of Maryland – I’ve gathered all the stories related to the death of a football player there in the “meanwhile on campus” section above.

    Via The New York Times: “A High School Education and College Degree All in One.” I swear, IBM gets its marketing money’s worth with this P-TECH stuff, doesn’t it.

    Something about the “blockchain-powered future.”

    Testing


    Via Chalkbeat: “NYC is offering the SHSAT during school hours to boost diversity, but it’s mostly benefitting white and Asian students.”

    Edsurge profiles Imbellus: “A Test Worth Teaching To? How a College Dropout Plans to Replace the SAT and ACT.” My most favorite lines simply must be these: “One of the early adopters of Imbellus was McKinsey & Company, the management consulting firm, which uses the scenario assessments to find job candidates. McKinsey employees, after all, solve problems for a living.” LOL, they do?! And wait, wait, wait… wasn’t McKinsey in the news recently? Ah yes. “McKinsey’s Work for Saudi Arabia Highlights its History of Unsavory Entanglements,” as The New Yorker writes. Imbellus raised a round of funding – hence the profile – and there are more details in the venture capital section below. One of the investors, I feel like I should mention here since we’re on the topic of Saudi Arabia now suddenly, is Thrive Capital, which is the VC firm run by Joshua Kushner, brother to a certain Jared, who, funnily enough, has some deep ties to Saudi Arabia too. Really looking forward to this new testing company though! Seems like it’s got only the best connections to folks with all of our very best futures in mind.

    There’s more testing news from Tennessee down in the “labor and management” section.

    Go, School Sports Team!


    There’s more about the fallout from the death of a football player at the University of Maryland in the “meanwhile on campus” section above."

    ASU’s Michael Crow is one of the new members of the Knight Commission on Intercollegiate Athletics.

    Video Games Are a Waste of Time? Not for Those With E-sports Scholarships,” says The New York Times.

    Via NJ.com: “Rutgers football player charged in attempted double-murder plot.”

    Labor and Management


    Via The New York Times: “Alphabet Executive Resigns After Harassment Accusation.” Also via The New York Times: “Google Faces Internal Backlash Over Handling of Sexual Harassment.” Also via The New York Times: “Google Employees Stage Worldwide Walkout.”

    Instructure Announces a New CEO” – Michael Feldstein onDan Goldsmith.

    Via Chalkbeat: “Questar hires tech guru amid TNReady testing cleanup.” The “guru” is Brendan Kealey, formerly with Pearson.

    There’s more hiring/firing news in the for-profit higher ed section above.

    The Business of Job Training (and the Business of Jobs Giving Educational Benefits for Employees)


    Via The Chronicle of Higher Education: “Arizona State Will Give Uber Drivers in 8 Cities Free Tuition in Its Online Program.”

    Via the AP: “Amazon’s new goal: Teach 10 million kids a year to code.”

    Perhaps the problem isn’t “skills.” Perhaps, just perhaps, there are other factors at play in the labor market, eh?

    This Week in Betteridge’s Law of Headlines


    Is Open Content Enough?asks Edsurge.

    Are ‘Smart’ Classrooms the Future?asks Campus Technology.

    (Reminder: according to Betteridge’s Law of Headlines, “Any headline that ends in a question mark can be answered by the word no.”)

    Upgrades and Downgrades


    Via Buzzfeed: “Juul Offered To Pay Schools As Much As $20,000 To Blame Vaping On Peer Pressure.” Social emotional learning! Mindfulness! My god, it’s all too perfect.

    Via Getting Smart: “Extending Social Emotional Learning into the Home.”

    Via The New York Times: “Your Kid’s Apps Are Crammed With Ads.” (The Atlantic and Vox also wrote up this study.)

    Flickr, which was acquired from Yahoo by SmugMug, is changing how it handles free accounts – that is, it will limit those to 1000 photos (and delete any photos over that number if you don’t pay up). What’s going to happen to that huge collection of openly licensed content on the site? Creative Commons seems to think it’s not a problem. Shrug.

    “Young Makers Take Action and Tackle Problems,” says The New York Times in a puff piece about the Maker Faire. And speaking of utterly uncritical reporting, here’s another story in The NYT that does very little to demonstrate the claims made in the headline: “How ‘Makers’ Make the Classroom More Inclusive.”

    In other “maker” news, “Apple investigates report that Chinese students were forced to make its watches,” says CNN.

    “The Moodle/Blackboard Breakup: The Long and the Short of It” by e-Literate’s Michael Feldstein.

    Via Common Dreams: “Downplaying Deportations: How Textbooks Hide the Mass Expulsion of Mexican Americans During the Great Depression.”

    Not directly education-related, I suppose, but I think still relevant for thinking about the ideology of software (and software makers and software funders) is this story from The Washington Post: “From Silicon Valley elite to social media hate: The radicalization that led to Gab.”

    Stop acting like “self-directed learning” is a new thing. Thanks in advance.

    Shocking, I know, but according to The Outline, education is not a silver bullet.

    Robots and Other Education Science Fiction


    Via The New York Times: “Colleges Grapple With Teaching the Technology and Ethics of A.I.

    Speaking of ethics, “Google offers money to universities to use artificial intelligence to scale up research,” The Washington Post reports.

    Via Edsurge: “Robots Won’t Replace Instructors, 2 Penn State Educators Argue. Instead, They’ll Help Them Be ‘More Human.’”

    (Venture) Philanthropy and the Business of Education Reform


    “The Chan Zuckerberg Initiative, founded by Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg and his wife, Priscilla Chan, pledged $3.3 million to four organizations focusing on helping students develop critical life skills,” says Politico. $750,000 to the Collaborative for Academic, Social and Emotional Learning; $685,000 to Roses in Concrete Community School; $700,000 to Peer Health Exchange; and the rest to GripTape.

    Sponsored content on Edsurge, paid for by the Chan Zuckerberg Initiative in order to promote personalized learning, promotes "personalized learning,“ among other things.”

    Venture Capital and the Business of Education


    Peilian.com has raised $150 million from Tiger Global Management, Tencent Holdings, Orchid Asia Group Management, Long Capital, Lanchi Venture Capital, Jinshajiang Venture Capital, GSR Ventures, and BHG Long Hills Capital. This is a Series C round of funding for the Chinese online music education company, but I’m not sure how much it’s raised previously.

    Handshake has raised $40 million from True Ventures, Spark Capital, Reach Capital, Omidyar Network, Lightspeed Venture Partners, Kleiner Perkins, KPCB Edge, EQT Ventures, and the Chan Zuckerberg Initiative. The career services company – which has been covered many times by Inside Higher Ed for its questionable privacy practices– has raised $74 million total. I know. I too am shocked that these investors, particularly CZI, would back a company with questionable privacy practices.

    Imbellus has raised $14 million from Upfront Ventures, Thrive Capital, Rethink Education, and Owl Ventures. The testing company (profiled by Edsurge in the “testing” section above) has raised $22.5 million total.

    IXL Learning has acquiredABCya.

    The Financial Review, tracking on the potential sale of the Australian for-profit college company: “Navitas gives in to shareholders, agrees to meeting but says BGH offer ‘does not reflect value’.”

    Via The New York Times: “Apple Raises Prices, and Profits Keep Booming.”

    Not education-related (unless, of course, you’re in the camp that likes to tout the politics of “open,” I guess), but The New York Times reports that “IBM to Buy Red Hat, the Top Linux Distributor, for $34 Billion.”

    Data, Surveillance, and Information Security


    “Programmed for Success” – The New York Times onhow community colleges surveil their students in order to identify ones who are struggling (academically).

    Via Motherboard: “Facing Tomorrow’s High-Tech School Surveillance.”

    Via Futurism.com: “Schools Are Installing Bathroom Surveillance Systems to Bust Vapers.”

    Via Fast Company: “Alexa will soon order you around at home–politely, of course.” Some asshole is going to brand this as “social emotional learning,” I guarantee it.

    More toddler surveillance, from Google: “Google and Disney launch interactive Little Golden Books that work with Google Home,” says Techcrunch.

    Still more surveillance: “Silicon Valley Nannies Are Phone Police for Kids,” says The New York Times.

    Via Motherboard: “‘Remini’ App Used by Schools Left Personal Info Open to the World.”

    There’s news about how the Department of Education will reorganize its privacy office in the “national education politics” section at the top.

    Research, “Research,” and Reports


    Here are my latest calculations about the venture capital flowing into education businesses – as well as acquisitions, mergers, and spinoffs – during the past month. (I’ve also updated the web pages where I track where the Gates Foundation and CZI dollars are going.)

    Techcrunch touts Angela Duckworth touting “grit.

    Inside Higher Ed on new data about adjuncts from the TIAA Institute: “The majority of adjunct instructors are over 40 and primarily teach at a single college or university, ‘countering common perceptions that faculty is younger and teach at multiple colleges while pursuing a tenure-track position,’ according to TIAA.”

    George Veletsianos on the “ECAR Study of Undergraduate Students and Information Technology, 2018.”

    NPR on“How Americans Feel About Affirmative Action In Higher Education.”

    The Hechinger Report on a study on “personalized learning” and the cultural relevance of curriculum.

    There’s more “research” (or at least a write-up of a survey) on student loan debt in “the business of financial aid” section above.

    Via Edsurge: “Campus Support for OER is Growing, Survey Finds.”

    The Atlantic on recent Pew Research data about families lacking high-speed Internet access at home: “Why Millions of Teens Can’t Finish Their Homework.”

    Via Inside Higher Ed: “Two new reports find public universities less affordable for low-income students and less accessible for members of minority groups.”

    “Just how polarized are we about reading instruction?” asks Daniel Willingham.

    Via Inside Higher Ed: “A new study shows few student achievements from an innovative initiative in Tennessee that moved college math remediation back to high school.”

    ProPublica on its “trove of education data”: “Reporting Recipe: How to Investigate Racial Disparities at Your School.”

    Paging that ridiculous trio who wanted to hoax us about the dangers of “grievance studies” – perhaps this is a bigger problem? Via The New York Times: “He Promised to Restore Damaged Hearts. Harvard Says His Lab Fabricated Research.”

    Via The New York Times: “Study of Cellphone Risks Finds ‘Some Evidence’ of Link to Cancer, at Least in Male Rats.” No evidence yet that mobile computing harms pigeons so your children are safe, I’m sure.

    Icon credits: The Noun Project


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  • 11/09/18--10:15: Hack Education Weekly News
  • Each week, I gather a wide variety of links to education and education technology articles. All this feeds the review I write each December on the stories we are told about the future of education. It’s a bit tricky to do some weeks – because some weeks I’m traveling and some weeks a major event happens in the middle of the week making some of the “before” reporting seem a little odd.

    (National) Education Politics


    “Buckle Up, Betsy DeVos: Democrats Have Won the House,” Education Week warns.

    I haven’t included updates to all the education races or education-related races here. I’m sorry. I’m tired.

    “Midterms test the durability of the teacher uprising,” says The Washington Post.

    Via The Chronicle of Higher Education: “What the Midterm Elections Mean for Higher Ed.” Inside Higher Ed writes“What a Divided Congress Means for Higher Education.”

    Young and College-Educated Voters Played Key Roles in Democratic Wins on Tuesday,” says The Chronicle of Higher Education.

    From the Department of Education press release: “U.S. Department of Education Fulfills Administration Promise to Invest $200 Million in STEM Education.” (These are grant funds, many of them already in existence. But nice PR.)

    Via Inside Higher Ed: “Feds Prod Universities to Address Website Accessibility Complaints.” The subhead asks if “fully accessible” is possible, which… sucks.

    (State and Local) Education Politics


    Don’t let the door hit you on the way out, Paul.

    The race between Marshall Tuck and Tony Thurmond for California State Superintendent has still not been called.

    Via Chalkbeat: “Election results: Newark opts for elected board, NJ voters approve $500M for schools.”

    Via AZ Central: “Arizona voters said ‘Hell no’ to Prop. 305, Ducey’s school voucher plan. But will he listen?”

    (Speaking of vouchers in Arizona, AZ Central reported– pre-Tuesday’s election – that, “Parents spent $700K in school voucher money on beauty supplies, apparel; attempted cash withdrawals.”)

    Good news in Wisconsin. Via Education Week: “Democrat Tony Evers, Wis. Schools Chief, Narrowly Defeats Gov. Walker.”

    Via The Atlantic: “The Candidates Embracing Their Black-College Roots.”

    Via Chalkbeat: “In New York City schools, 40,000 students aren’t getting required special education services, report finds.”

    Immigration and Education


    Casey Parks is such a great journalist and I am thrilled she is working for The Hechinger Report. Here’s her latest: “Immigrant students find hope in soccer, but some states won’t let them play.”

    Via The Washington Post: “Trump can’t immediately end DACA, appeals court panel says, setting up Supreme Court fight.”

    Education in the Courts


    Via ACLU: “Children Cruelly Handcuffed Win Big Settlement Against the Police in Kentucky.”

    Via The Washington Post: “Supreme Court refuses to block young people’s climate lawsuit against U.S. government.”

    Via The Chronicle of Higher Education: “Harvard’s Admissions Process Was Just Dissected in Federal Court. How Did It Hold Up?”

    There’s more legal news in the “immigration and education” section above. And there’s more legal news in the “for-profit higher ed” section and in the “business of financial aid” section below.

    The Business of Financial Aid


    Via Politico: “Navient is mounting a legal challenge to the Trump administration’s plans to overhaul how the federal government collects student loans. The company alleges in a lawsuit, which became public on Monday, that the Education Department’s process for selecting companies for its new loan servicing platform has been unfair and violated federal procurement rules.”

    The “New” For-Profit Higher Ed


    Via Inside Higher Ed: “A federal judge on Monday dismissed a lawsuit brought by a for-profit college chain seeking to assure access to Title IV federal student aid money while it undertakes a financial restructuring.”

    Inside Higher Ed reports that “Laureate Mulling Sale of Walden University.”

    Online Education (and the Once and Future “MOOC”)


    Via the Edmonton Journal: “Athabasca University reaches deal with cloud-computing giant Amazon.”

    In the first phase of the project, all staff will be brought up to speed on cloud computing. The university will then begin augmenting its online offerings using machine learning and artificial intelligence products from Amazon.


    Over time, students will be able to customize their learning experiences using Amazon products such as Kindle and Echo’s Alexa assistant.

    So basically, Athabasca is making it possible for AWS to learn a lot about higher ed and, should it chose, launch new products to compete in the higher ed industry. Well done, team.

    Via Techcrunch: “LinkedIn Learning now includes 3rd party content and Q&A interactive features.” Here’s how Edsurge puts it: “LinkedIn Learning Opens Its Platform (Slightly).”

    Meanwhile on Campus…


    Via Slate: “Tech-Bro Culture Was Written in the Code” – “How computing pioneers at Dartmouth in the 1960s gave rise to the macho tech culture we see today.”

    Via the Idaho Statesman: “Middleton Heights staff placed on administrative leave over controversial Halloween outfits.” Their racist Halloween costumes involved dressing up as the “border wall.”

    Via Texas Monthly: “Meet the Women Whose Persistence Made Texas A&M Change Its Sexual Assault Policies.”

    Via NPR: “Legacy Admissions Offer An Advantage – And Not Just At Schools Like Harvard.”

    Yes, Guns Are Ed-Tech (and It’s So F*cked Up that I Had to Make This a Category)


    Via Ocala Star Banner: “High school students now required to wear ID” – either clipped to their clothes or on a lanyard around their neck. This is following a school shooting at Forest High School in Florida.

    Via Education Week: “Beware the Unintended Consequences of the School Safety Movement.”

    Via the Las Vegas Review: “For some, random school searches are small price to pay for safety.”

    Via The LA Times: “Thousand Oaks shooting leaves 13 people dead, including gunman, and 18 injured.” I’m including this story as the bar was “packed with college students.”

    And same goes for the story about a shooting in Tallahassee– it’s loosely connected to the local campus. As Tallahassee.com reported, “Scott Beierle, gunman in Tallahassee yoga studio shooting, remembered as ‘really creepy’.” That is, he “had a history of arrests for grabbing young women around the campus of Florida State University.”

    Go, School Sports Team!


    Via Inside Higher Ed: “Maryland’s student government organized a rally to encourage backing the football team. Many minority students and others said it was time to focus on the abuse of athletes and the death of a black player.”

    Via USA Today: “Analysis shows 147 college football programs had at least one player diagnosed with CTE.”

    There’s another sports-related story in the “immigration and education” section above.

    Labor and Management


    I have an idea. Let’s make sure educators can all earn a living wage.

    Via Chalkbeat: “Here’s the letter announcing Michael Milkie’s departure from Noble Network.”

    Via The New York Times: “Google Workers Reject Silicon Valley Individualism in Walkout.”

    (I missed this news last week.) Via Chalkbeat: “Chicago’s Acero teachers vote 98% to authorize first-ever charter school strike.”

    The Business of Job Training (and Educational Benefits for Employees)


    Writing in Edsurge, Entangled Solutions’ Lauren Dibble, Michael B. Horn, and Rob Urstein all say they agree with venture capitalist Ryan Craig and his new book A New U: Faster + Cheaper Alternatives to College: “The Rise of Early-Career Enhancers in Education.” It’s not the last mile of education. It’s the first mile on the next leg. Or something.

    Via Campus Technology: “The University of North Dakota has teamed up with for-profit training company Woz U to provide short-term technology education programs.” No mention of any of the recent controversy about Woz U and the for-profit it’s affiliated with, Southern Career Institute.

    Contests and Conferences


    Mindwires Consulting’s Phil Hill with“Notes on EDUCAUSE 2018.”

    This Week in Betteridge’s Law of Headlines


    Has ‘Shift’ Happened?asks Edsurge.

    (Reminder: according to Betteridge’s Law of Headlines, “Any headline that ends in a question mark can be answered by the word no.”)

    Upgrades and Downgrades


    Products like this remain one of the most terrifying ideas in education technology.

    Via The Atlantic: “The Backlash Against Screen Time at School.”

    Via The Verge: “Instagram might be working on school Stories.” All those teachers promoting their personal brandzzz on Insta will be thrilled!

    Via Techcrunch: “Flickr says it won’t delete Creative Commons photos.”

    Via Edsurge CEO Betsy Corcoran: “Edtech Incubators are Fading. Here’s What Will Replace Them.” This is a profile of Bobbi Kurshan, Senior Fellow and Innovation Advisor at the University of Pennsylvania’s Graduate School of Education (and an advisor to Edsurge– which certainly explains a lot about this article). This is largely a promotional piece for Penn and for the workshops that Penn GSE offers entrepreneurs, which I guess is what we’re supposed to think is replacing incubators – although certainly weekend workshops don’t offer the ever-important VC funding that many incubators have done.

    EdWeek’s Market Brief published a story on incubators in Africa this week but the link now 404s. So perhaps incubators are fading after all.

    Ed Week’s Ben Herold is a sly one because here is a headline in the form of a question that most assuredly can be answered “yes”: “Are Companies Overselling Personalized Learning?

    Via EdWeek’s Market Brief: “Pearson Unveils Immersive History Curriculum, Even as Potential Sale of K–12 Products Looms.” From what I can glean, “immersive” means there are photos and recordings available with the curriculum.

    Robots and Other Education Science Fiction


    From Pearson: “AI-based tutoring: A new kind of personalized learning.” “New” since, oh, the 1960s.

    Via Edsurge: “What Robots Can Teach Us About Being Human.”

    Via Wired: “What the Boston School Bus Schedule Can Teach Us About AI.”

    Via Edsurge: “Cat Ears and Robot Friends: What Japan’s Educational Future Could Include.” Based on what one sees at an education conference.

    “Don’t let a robot stalk your babysittersays The Outline.

    (Venture) Philanthropy and the Business of Education Reform


    From Capital and Main: “Reed Hastings: Netflix CEO Goes Nuclear on Public Schools.” (I don’t know that this really goes best under the “philanthropy” header here.)

    Venture Capital and the Business of Education


    Yuanfudao has raised $250 million from Tencent. The tutoring company has $494.2 million total.

    Photomath has raised $6 million from Learn Capital and Goodwater Capital. The math-problem-solving app has previously raised funding but did not disclose the amount.

    Kinvolved has raised $1.54 million from Draper Richards Kaplan Foundation, the Twilio.org Impact Fund, New York Ventures, Excell Technology Ventures, GingerBread Capital, and u2i. The absentee monitoring software has raised $3.3 million total.

    Tutoring company GuruQ has raised $300,000 from an unnamed investors.

    Via Crunchbase: “China’s Education Startups Continue To Pull In Massive Funding Rounds.”

    Data, Surveillance, and Information Security


    Via The New York Times: “At China’s Internet Conference, a Darker Side of Tech Emerges.” (This is worth thinking about in light of the massive amount of funding pouring into Chinese education companies right now.)

    There are plenty of surveillance-related stories in the “guns are ed-tech” section above.

    Via Education Week: “They Hacked Their School District When They Were 12. The Adults Are Still Trying to Catch Up.”

    Via The News & Advance: “LU makes email addresses available to campaigns for a fee as candidates grow increasingly savvy with big data.” LU here is Jerry Falwell’s Liberty University. (FERPA is such a joke.)

    Research, “Research,” and Reports


    I’m only including this here because I like to remind folks that many marketers are futurists and many futurists are marketers and they’re often all wrong. Via Apple Insider: “Gartner, IDC were both wildly wrong in guessing Apple’s Q4 Mac shipments.”

    Via Education Week: “Computers + Collaboration = Student Learning, According to New Meta-Analysis.”

    “The EDUCAUSE 2019 Top 10 IT Issuesfrom Educause.

    Via The Washington Post: “Major depression in American youth rising, new report says.”

    “Nobody Knows How Well Certificates Are Doing Against Degrees,” says Campus Technology, writing up a report by Eduventures.

    Why Aren’t Schools Using the Apps They Pay For?asks Edsurge, writing up the results of a Brightbytes study of data from schools using the Brightbytes’ analytics platform. So perhaps the problem isn’t that schools aren’t using the apps that they pay for. Perhaps the problem is that schools who pay for Brightbytes are the kinds of places happy to throw their money at any sort of ed-tech.

    The app store for higher educationby Ben Williamson.

    Icon credits: The Noun Project


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  • 11/16/18--11:10: Hack Education Weekly News
  • Each week, I gather a wide variety of links to education and education technology articles. All this feeds the series I write each December on the stories we are told about the future of education. (That series isn’t going to be much of one this year… And frankly, this Friday thing is going to be paused for the duration of Teaching Machines book-writing, starting quite soon. So enjoy all this educational doom while you can.)

    (National) Education Politics


    Via Buzzfeed: “Betsy DeVos Wants New Regulations That Protect Students Accused Of Sexual Assault And Their Schools.” More from the National Women’s Law Center.

    There’s more DeVos-related news in “the business of financial aid” section below.

    From the press release: “FBI Releases 2017 Hate Crime Statistics.” Or as The New York Times puts it: “Hate Crimes Increase for the Third Consecutive Year, F.B.I. Reports.” More on the report from Pacific Standard.

    Via Techcrunch: “Senators urge FTC to look into shady ad practices in apps for kids.”

    Rural Kids Face an Internet ‘Homework Gap.’ The FCC Could Help,” says Wired. The New York Times notes it’s not just rural students who struggle with broadband access: “Why San Jose Kids Do Homework in Parking Lots.”

    The Fordham Institute’s Michael Petrelli has declaredThe End of Educational Policy.” (Well, in fairness, there’s a question mark at the end of the headline. So maybe “has posited” is a better verb here.) He’s drawing on Francis Fukuyama’s famous (and wildly incorrect) pronouncement about “The End of History,” so make of this what you will. Fukuyama was wrong. Liberal democracy was not triumphant. Arguably it is no longer even ascendant. So similarly, let’s not tout this moment as one where recent changes to education can never be undone. Good grief. Take a look at school segregation and surveillance before you start touting some fabricated moment of satisfactory “homeostasis.”

    Turkey has reacted angrily to suggestions that it might tone down its attack on Saudi Arabia over the murder of Jamal Khashoggi if the United States agrees to extradite an opponent of President Erdogan,” The Times reports. The opponent in question is Fethullah Gulen who currently lives in Pennsylvania (and who I’m including in this list of education-related stories because of the chain of charter schools he operates.)

    Via The Atlantic: “Why Young Pakistanis Are Learning Chinese.”

    (State and Local) Education Politics


    Election results are still coming in…

    Voters Widely Support Public Schools. So Why Is It So Hard to Pay for Them?” asks The NYT’s Dana Goldstein.

    Via The New York Times’ Eliza Shapiro: “With Democratic Wins, Charter Schools Face a Backlash in N.Y. and Other States.”

    Via Chalkbeat: (in New Jersey): “In Newark, how did most voters respond to ballot questions about schools? They didn’t.”

    Via Chalkbeat (in Colorado): “Late votes deliver a narrow win for Jeffco school bond measure.”

    The race for the California State Superintendent is still undecided– at least as I type up this article, it is.

    Education in the Courts


    Via WBEZ: “Chicago Charter Leader Investigated For Inappropriate Contact With Young Women.” That would be Mike Milkie, the head of the Noble Charter School chain.

    Via the AP: “Florida charter school operator gets 20 years for fraud.”

    There’s more DeVos-related legal news in “the business of financial aid” section below.

    “Free College”


    Via The Tennesseean: “Kris Tugman was Tennessee Promise’s poster boy – until he dropped out.”

    The Business of Financial Aid


    Via NPR: “Betsy DeVos Sued For Failing To Implement Automatic Student Loan Forgiveness.”

    Also via NPR: “The Benefits Of Taking Out Loans For College.”

    Online Education (and the Once and Future “MOOC”)


    From the Coursera blog: “Announcing ‘AI for Everyone’: a new course from deeplearning.ai on Coursera.” (deeplearning.ai is the new company of Andrew Ng, Coursera’s co-founder.) More from Edsurge.

    There’s more data about online education down in the “research” section at the bottom.

    Meanwhile on Campus…


    (Correction: This is the Class of 2019.)

    Via Inside Higher Ed: “Hundreds of Drake University students, faculty members, alumni and others held a rally on campus Wednesday to denounce racist robocalls, full of white supremacist propaganda, that students have been receiving.”

    Via Inside Higher Ed: “Chapel Hill students are being harassed by a white nationalist online commentator with ties to the alleged Pittsburgh synagogue shooter.”

    Via The Chronicle of Higher Education: “U. of Texas at San Antonio Investigates After Students Say Lecturer Called Police on Black Classmate.”

    Michelle Obama’s College Experience Is All Too Familiar for Minority Students,” writes Adam Harris (one of many stories this week about the First Lady’s memoir Becoming).

    Via The New York Times: “For University of Minnesota, Chinese Tycoon’s Arrest Shines Light, Again, on Sexual Assault.”

    Via The Verge: “An academic reported sexual harassment. Her university allegedly retaliated.”

    Via The Chronicle of Higher Education: “The Hottest New Place for University Satellite Campuses: Los Angeles.” Literally on fire, one might say.

    Edsurge profiles the founder of Alder College– “Rethinking the First Two Years of Higher Education.”

    Via The Chronicle of Higher Education: “Meet the New Mega-University.”

    “How One University Went From Proposing to Cut 13 Mostly Liberal-Arts Programs to Eliminating Only 6” – The Chronicle of Higher Education onThe University of Wisconsin at Stevens Point.

    Yes, Guns Are Ed-Tech (and It’s So F*cked Up that I Had to Make This a Category)


    Surely a subheader ideally suited for the “Betteridge’s Law of Headlines” section – “Billions are being spent to protect children from school shootings. Does any of it work?” – but I’ll put this story here instead. Via The Washington Post: “Armored school doors, bulletproof whiteboards and secret snipers.”

    This story from The 74 is from Monday, and I am not sure if the numbers have changed since then: “1 Killed, 1 Injured in Shooting During SC College Homecoming Event; At Least 47 Killed and 88 Injured by Guns at Schools So Far This Year.”

    Testing


    Via Chalkbeat: “In a shift, more education reformers say they’re worried about schools’ focus on testing.” (So instead of “testing” we’ll have ubiquitous, non-stop surveillance / assessment via “personalized learning.” Winning.)

    Go, School Sports Team!


    The Chronicle of Higher Education on“How Financial Pressures Can Lead to Athletic Scandals.”

    Via Inside Higher Ed: “Earlham Suspends Football Program.”

    Labor and Management


    Via The New York Times: “‘I Don’t Really Want to Work for Facebook.’ So Say Some Computer Science Students.” (Waiting for folks in education technology to respond similarly… but I won’t hold my breath.)

    Via Futurism: “Headmaster Fired for Stealing School’s Electricity to Mine Crypto.”

    The Scholarly Kitchen weighs in on layoffs at DPLA, the Digital Public Library of America.

    Via Inside Higher Ed: “Georgetown Grad Assistants Form Union.”

    The Business of Job Training (and Educational Benefits for Employees)


    Via Techcrunch: “Google partners with MotherCoders to bring tech training to moms in New York City.”

    Via Education Week: “FUNecole: Social-Emotional Learning Meets Computer Science and Digital Literacy.” Any piece of education software or curriculum that puts “fun” in its name is not.

    Define “liberal arts” for me, please and thank you. Because this makes no sense. (That is, “science” and “mathematics” are part of the liberal arts, no?)

    Upgrades and Downgrades


    Amazon announced its two new HQ locations this week: Queens, NY and Crystal City, VA. So cue from the ed-tech crowd a flurry of storiestouting educational opportunities in the areas. “What Do East Coast Coding Bootcamps Think About Amazon HQ2?” asks Edsurge. The New York Times points out that “Amazon’s New Neighbor: The Nation’s Largest Housing Project.” From Fast Company: “Amazon’s HQ2 could eliminate 1,500 affordable housing units in NYC.”

    Via Edsurge: “ClassDojo Goes ‘Beyond School’ to Launch First Monetization Feature for Parents.” Oh sure, sure. Call it “mindfulness” if it makes you feel better. More like, surveillance at school, surveillance at home. Behavior modification at school, behavior modification at home.

    Speaking of products that promote "mindfulness“… The New York Times reports that ”Juul Suspends Selling Most E-Cigarette Flavors in Stores.“ ”Juul Labs reveals its plan to combat underage vape use,“ says Techcrunch. Via Wired: ”Juul Exhales After Dodging Full Ban on Flavored E-Cigs."

    I’ll have more to say about this in tomorrow’s HEWN, but this New York Times investigation is something else: “Delay, Deny and Deflect: How Facebook’s Leaders Fought Through Crisis.” Lovely use of fake news by the Facebook leadership team to combat Facebook critics. Good thing no one at Facebook is in the education or “digital literacy” business.

    Meanwhile… “Facebook Launches Courses to Help Adult Learners Skill Up,” Edsurge notes, neglecting to mention that its founder, Mark Zuckerberg, sponsors lots of articles on the site nor any of the controversies from just this week alone pertaining to the company’s ethics.

    Elsewhere in Facebook-land… Via The New York Post: “Brooklyn students hold walkout in protest of Facebook-designed online program.” Via Education Week: “Brooklyn Students Protest Use of Online Learning Platform Designed by Summit Learning.” Edsurge reprints a letter students at the Secondary School of Journalism sent to Mark Zuckerberg: “‘Dear Mr. Zuckerberg’: Students Take Summit Learning Protests Directly to Facebook Chief.” Via the NY Magazine: “Brooklyn Students Are Protesting Silicon Valley’s Favorite Education Program.” (Remember when journalists called AltSchool“Silicon Valley’s Favorite Education Program”? Good times. Good times.)

    Diane Ravitch notices that when it comes to stories about AltSchool, it’s always “one teacher’s perspective” – Paul France, who stars in almost all the coverage, pro- (early on) or (now) con.

    Via the YouTube blog: “Experimenting with science education on YouTube.”

    Via The Atlantic: “How YouTube’s Algorithm Really Works.” Does it work to boost science education? (Spoiler alert: no.)

    “What Does Personalized Learning Mean? Whatever People Want It To,” says Education Week. Perfect!

    Futurism.com writes about“Why a Blockchain Startup Bought This $9 Million Stradivarius Violin.” I think the answer is “money-laundering,” but you never know… Maybe they’re planning to revolutionize college transcripts with the instrument.

    “Enough With All the Innovation,” says John Patrick Leary. Amen.

    Robots and Other Education Science Fiction


    Via MIT Technology Review: “Harvard researchers want to school Congress about AI.”

    AI can humanize teaching– if we let it” – or so says eCampus News.

    More robot news up in the MOOC section above.

    This Week in Betteridge’s Law of Headlines


    Will Blockchain Revolutionize Scholarly Journal Publishing?asks The Chronicle of Higher Education.

    (Reminder: according to Betteridge’s Law of Headlines, “Any headline that ends in a question mark can be answered by the word no.”)

    (Venture) Philanthropy and the Business of Education Reform


    Sponsored content on Edsurge, paid for by the Chan Zuckerberg Initiative, this week includes this.

    Via Education Week: “The Chan Zuckerberg Initiative Wants Teachers to Learn Brain Science.” That is, $1 million for the PD program Neuroteach Global. What could go wrong.

    Venture Capital and the Business of Education


    I won’t include this in my calculations of ed-tech funding, but WeWork has raised $3 billion from SoftBank.

    UNICAF has raised $28 million from Goldman Sachs, University Ventures, EDEX, and CDC Group. The online education company has raised $40 million total.

    Game-based literacy/math app-maker Kukua has raised $2.5 million from Kima Ventures, Founders Factory, EchoVC Partners, Burda Principal Investments, and Firstminute Capital.

    Educative has raised $2.3 million from SK Ventures and Trilogy Equity Partners. The learn-to-code company has raised $2.6 million total.

    Edves has raised $120,000 from Chinook Capital and Co-creation Hub. The school management software maker has raised $191,500 total.

    Quad Learning has been acquired by Wellspring International Education.

    Catapult Learning has acquiredCapital Education Group.

    Research, “Research,” and Reports


    Via Chalkbeat: “A quietly edited report and dueling blog posts reveal a divide over the ‘portfolio model’.”

    Via e-Literate: “Fall 2017 IPEDS Data: New Profile of US Higher Ed Online Education.”

    There’s more vaping news in the upgrade/downgrade section above, but here are some numbers from the NEA: “Vaping in Schools: 3 Million Students and Counting.”

    Via The Washington Post: “The sneaky science behind your child’s tech obsession.” Not a story about Juul or vaping, FWIW.

    Ben Williamson in WonkHE: “Policy in numbers– what counts without counting?”

    Writing in the Educause Review, Laura Czerniewicz on “Unbundling and Rebundling Higher Education in an Age of Inequality.”

    Introducing the “Network of Concerned Academics.”

    It’s almost as if high profile “public scholars” from private universities do not read the public scholarship unless it’s in The New Yorker or something.

    Icon credits: The Noun Project


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  • 11/23/18--11:10: Hack Education Weekly News
  • Each week, I gather a wide variety of links to education and education technology articles. All this feeds the review I write each December on the stories we are told about the future of education. And wow, December is right around the corner, isn’t it?!

    (National) Education Politics


    Via NPR: “Education Department Announces New Rules For Sexual Assault Cases On College Campuses.” Via The New York Times: “Sex Assault Rules Under DeVos Bolster Defendants’ Rights and Ease College Liability.” Via The Atlantic: “Betsy DeVos’s Sexual-Assault Rules Would Let the Accused Cross-Examine Accusers.” “What You Need to Know About the Proposed Title IX Regulations,” according to The Chronicle of Higher Education.

    Via NBC News: “U.S. Marshals Service spending millions on DeVos security in unusual arrangement.” $19.8 million. JFC.

    Via EdWeek’s Market Brief: “Ed. Dept. Pulls Plug on ‘Learning Registry,’ an Obama-Era Tech Initiative.” The reason given: the registry used “‘rapidly aging technologies’ that do not mesh with other systems” – which is odd for what I thought was largely a metadata project.

    There’s more news out of the Department of Education in the accreditation section below. There’s more news from a department audit of Navient in the financial aid section below.

    (State and Local) Education Politics


    Via The Sacramento Bee: “Charter school backers spent millions on statewide races in 2018. They still lost twice.”

    Here, via Edsurge, is a great example of how, instead of investing in public infrastructure, schools wield ed-tech to outsource and privatize key resources for students and communities.

    Via The New York Times: “Texas Students Will Now Learn That Slavery Was ‘Central’ to the Civil War.”

    Via The Washington Post: “For universities in Virginia, Amazon’s HQ2 came at the perfect moment.” More likely, the “perfect moment” will be when all the corporate tax giveaways come back to bite Virginia’s education system in the ass.

    Immigration and Education


    I’m not sure what to make of this story in light of the changes (and threatened changes) to immigration under Trump, but Crunchbase wants to tell you“How Universities Are Leveraging H–1B Visas To Fuel Startup Hubs.”

    Education in the Courts


    Via Buzzfeed: “MSU’s Former President Has Been Charged With Lying To Police About The Larry Nassar Sex Abuse Investigation.” More via The Chronicle of Higher Education and The Washington Post.

    The Business of Financial Aid


    More on Michael Bloomberg’s donation to JHU in the “philanthropy” section below.

    Via the AP: “One of the nation’s largest student loan servicing companies may have driven tens of thousands of borrowers struggling with their debts into higher-cost repayment plans. That’s the finding of a Department of Education audit of practices at Navient Corp., the nation’s third-largest student loan servicing company.”

    The “New” For-Profit Higher Ed


    There’s more news about ACICS, the accreditor for most for-profit universities, in the accreditation section below.

    Online Education (and the Once and Future “MOOC”)


    Via Class Central: “Udacity Increases Prices for Nanodegrees.” (I got an email from Udacity this morning offering me Black Friday deals, incidentally. Tis the season, I guess: the desperation from a “unicorn” that is struggling.)

    Hamad Bin Khalifa University has joined edX.

    “Congratulations to the 2018 edX Prize Winners!” from the edX blog.

    There’s more data about online education enrollments in the research section at the bottom.

    Meanwhile on Campus…


    Via The Chronicle of Higher Education: “To Juul or Not to Juul? Colleges Weigh the Breadth of Their Tobacco Bans.”

    Via NPR: “Chickenpox Outbreak Hits N.C. Private School With Low Vaccination Rates.”

    More, via The Washington Post, on the protests at Brooklyn’s Secondary School for Journalism about having to use the Summit Learning Program, the LMS built for the Summit chain of charter schools by Facebook and the Chan Zuckerberg Initiative: “Students protest Zuckerberg-backed digital learning program and ask him: ‘What gives you this right?’”

    More on Michael Bloomberg’s donation to JHU in the “philanthropy” section below.

    Yes, Guns Are Ed-Tech (and It’s So F*cked Up that I Had to Make This a Category)


    Via NBC News: “Program prepares students for mass shooting by teaching combat medicine.”

    Via NPR: “Inside The Business Of School Security To Stop Active Shooters.”

    Via NPR: “Parkland School Shooting Commission Calls For Code Red Alarms And Bleeding Control Kits.”

    Not a school shooting, but there is a school angle here nonetheless as Sandra Parks won third place in her district’s Martin Luther King Jr essay contest a couple of years ago. Via The New York Times: “Girl, 13, Who Wrote Essay on Gun Violence Is Killed by Stray Bullet.”

    Accreditations and Certifications and Competencies


    Via Inside Higher Ed: “DeVos Restores Recognition for Troubled For-Profit Accreditor​.”

    Go, School Sports Team!


    There’s more news from Michigan State in the legal section above.

    Via The Atlantic: “In the New College Football, Alabama Is Still Out Front.”

    There was a big investment in esports this week – details down in the venture capital section.

    Labor and Management


    Columbia Bends on Grad Union Issue,” says Inside Higher Ed. That is, the administration says it’s open to collective bargaining with the graduate student union.

    Upgrades and Downgrades


    Is this an ad?

    Techcrunch weighs in on this important topic: “LinkedIn launches its own Snapchat Stories. Here’s why it shouldn’t have.”

    Via The Verge: “A Facebook patent would use your family photos to target ads.”

    Robots and Other Education Science Fiction


    Via The New York Times: “Meet Zora, the Robot Caregiver.”

    (Venture) Philanthropy and the Business of Education Reform


    Michael Bloomberg in The New York Times: “Why I’m Giving $1.8 Billion for College Financial Aid.” The headline is a bit off, I think. He’s not giving it for college financial aid broadly. Rather, he’s making a donation to The Johns Hopkins University. Via The Atlantic: “The Limits of a Billion-Dollar Donation to Johns Hopkins.” Sara Goldrick-Rab shared her thoughts on Twitter.

    Sponsored content on Edsurge, paid for by the Gates Foundation, this week wants to tell you“How Faculty Can ‘Click’ Their Way to a More Inclusive Classroom.”

    Sponsored content on Edsurge, paid for by the Chan Zuckerberg Initiative this week includes this piece on surveillance-as-personalized-learning at a Montessori chain of schools.

    Via Inside Higher Ed: “Charles Koch Foundation’s 2017 Giving Neared $90M.”

    Venture Capital and the Business of Education


    PlayVS has raised $30.5 million from WndrCo LLC, Sean Combs (yes that Sean Combs), Science Inc., Samsung NEXT, Crosscut Ventures, Coatue Management, Adidas, Rahul Mehta, Plexo Capital, New Enterprise Associates, Michael Dubin, Elysian Park Ventures, and David Drummond. The company, which plans to expand “esports” in high schools, has raised $46 million total.

    Tutoring company Knack has raised $1.5 million from TiE Angels, Thomas DiBenedetto, Precursor Ventures, Jeffrey Vinik, Gries Investment Funds, Elysium Venture Capital, Douglas Feirstein, DCS Capital Partners, Bisk Ventures, and Arizona State University.

    Catapult Learning has acquiredCapital Education Group.

    Research, “Research,” and Reports


    Via YLE: “Finland’s digital-based curriculum impedes learning, researcher finds.”

    Teens are trying marijuana before alcohol and tobacco,” says The Verge.

    “Mean Reading Level of Freshman Summer Books Is Suited to 9th Graders,” The Chronicle of Higher Education frets. I don’t subscribe, so I can’t see if the article actually explains how flawed the idea of “reading levels” actually are.

    Via Chalkbeat: “In most U.S. cities, neighborhoods have grown more integrated. Their schools haven’t.”

    Via The Hechinger Report: “Non-white teachers have increased 162 percent over the past 30 years, but they are also more likely to quit.”

    Via e-Literate: “Fall 2017 Top 30 Largest Online Enrollments In US– With LMS Usage and Trends Since 2012.”

    The latest from Pew Research Center: “Public Attitudes Toward Computer Algorithms.”

    Via The Washington Post: “Historians: What kids should be learning in school right now.”

    Icon credits: The Noun Project


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  • 11/30/18--13:50: Hack Education Weekly News
  • Each week, I gather a wide variety of links to education and education technology articles. All this feeds the review I write each December on the stories we are told about the future of education. But I’m putting that project on pause while I write my book. So you can start counting down the number of times you’ll have to wade through this depressing list of education- and tech-related stories.

    (National) Education Politics


    “Education Secretary Betsy DeVos and her husband took in at least $59.4 million in 2017,” says Politico, making her the wealthiest of Trump’s Cabinet members. Good thing taxpayers are on the hook for millions of dollars to pay for her private security detail.

    Via Education Week: “Inspector General Blasts U.S. Ed. Department’s Handling of FERPA Complaints.”

    Via ProPublica: “DeVos’ Inspector General to Audit Dismissals of Civil Rights Complaints.”

    There’s more DeVos news in “the business of financial aid” section below

    I don’t know if this is national politics or state politics, but as she’s a US Senator, I’ll put this story about Mississippi Senator Cindy Hyde-Smith here. Via the Jackson Free Press: “Hyde-Smith Attended All-White ‘Seg Academy’ to Avoid Integration.”

    Via The Verge: “Microsoft secures $480 million HoloLens contract from US Army.”

    Brazilian academics vow to resist threats to freedom,” says Times Higher Education.

    (State and Local) Education Politics


    Ivanka Trump, Apple’s Tim Cook Push STEM, Computer Science Education,” says Education Week. The two were visiting a rural school in Idaho that has a 1-to–1 iPad program. The Idaho Statesman was there to watch the visit, but as it noted, “The Statesman could not ask questions of or talk to Trump and Cook. It could only observe. The only other media attending the event would be a national crew from ABC.” Idaho Ed News quotes local high school students who protested the visit and their school’s reliance on technology.

    Chalkbeat reports thatSuccess Academy illegally changes special education services without parent input, complaint claims.”

    Via Truthout: “Bake Sales Can’t Fix This: Corporate Tax Cuts Leave Public Schools Desperate.”

    Immigration and Education


    Via ProPublica: “Families Are Still Being Separated at the Border, Months After ‘Zero Tolerance’ Was Reversed.”

    Via NPR: “Meet Jin Park, The First DACA Recipient Awarded A Rhodes Scholarship.”

    DACA Has Not Been Saved – and It May Be in Its Last Days,” Pacific Standard claims.

    Education in the Courts


    Via The New York Times: “Are Civics Lessons a Constitutional Right? This Student Is Suing for Them.”

    Via Inside Higher Ed: “A federal judge approved a settlement Wednesday that erases more than $500 million in student debt held by former ITT Technical Institute students.” More via The Washington Post.

    Via the BBC: “Matthew Hedges: British academic pardoned by UAE.”

    The Business of Financial Aid


    Via The Washington Post: “DeVos decries student-loan program as a ‘looming crisis’.” Maybe get on board with some debt forgiveness then, Betsy.

    There’s more student loan news up in the “legal” section above.

    The “New” For-Profit Higher Ed


    There’s more for-profit higher ed news up in the “legal” section above.

    Online Education (and the Once and Future “MOOC”)


    Via Chalkbeat: “After flying under the radar, school districts’ online programs attract attention – and scrutiny.”

    Via Techcrunch: “Amazon opens its internal machine learning courses to all for free.”

    “Stop Asking About Completion Rates: Better Questions to Ask About MOOCs in 2019,” says Edsurge.

    There’s more MOOC news down in the “labor and management” section below, perhaps prompting another question that Edsurge doesn’t think to ask: “How viable are these companies that are being used to outsource and privatize online higher education?”

    Meanwhile on Campus…


    Louisiana School Made Headlines for Sending Black Kids to Elite Colleges. Here’s the Reality,” says The New York Times. The reality at T. M. Landry College Prep looks like this:

    …the school falsified transcripts, made up student accomplishments and mined the worst stereotypes of black America to manufacture up-from-hardship tales that it sold to Ivy League schools hungry for diversity. The Landrys also fostered a culture of fear with physical and emotional abuse, students and teachers said. Students were forced to kneel on rice, rocks and hot pavement, and were choked, yelled at and berated.

    “Students Who Made Apparent Nazi Salute in Photo Won’t Be Punished,” says The New York Times. Because “free speech” is only for white boys it seems.

    Via The Chronicle of Higher Education: “U. of Wisconsin System President Reprimands La Crosse Chancellor for Bringing Porn Star to Campus.”

    Via Inside Higher Ed: “Georgia Tech moves forward with plans to create storefronts for its online education programs, joining a growing number of institutions offering hybrid online learning experiences.”

    Via The Chronicle of Higher Education: “Rice U. Will Investigate Professor Who Says He Worked on First Genetically Altered Babies.”

    “The wife of independent Sen. Bernie Sanders says she expected to be cleared by a federal investigation into her role as president of the now-defunct Burlington College, but she doesn’t want to say anything more,” says the AP.

    Via The Atlantic: “Where America’s College Kids Stay Up All Night.”

    Yes, Guns Are Ed-Tech (and It’s So F*cked Up that I Had to Make This a Category)


    Buzzfeed on the Parkland school shooting survivors: “‘It was like a war in the classroom. It was a nightmare.’”

    Accreditations and Certifications and Competencies


    Via Techcrunch: “YC alum Make School gains rare accreditation for 2-year applied CS bachelor’s degree.” Wow, the sneering derision with which these people write about education.

    Labor and Management


    Udacity Lays Off 125 Employees,” says Inside Higher Ed. Sometimes it’s fun to look back at old stories that the tech press dutifully pumped out about this company. This one is probably my favorite: “How California’s New Online Education Pilot Will Change Higher Ed Forever.” Or maybe this one: “The Stanford Education Experiment Could Change Higher Learning Forever.”

    Joy Lisi Rankin has terminated her employment with Michigan State University– “firing” the university, in her words – following allegations of harassment and retaliation. She wrote a blog post on Medium. The Chronicle of Higher Education and Inside Higher Ed have picked up the story.

    The Business of Job Training (and Educational Benefits for Employees)


    Via Techcrunch: “Apple to host free coding sessions at stores, rolls out new material for teachers.”

    Via Georgetown University’s Center on Education and the Workforce: “The Good Jobs Project.” That is, good jobs that don’t require a BA. (I have some questions about this, particularly as Wyoming as touted as the best state for this. What are these jobs? Are they in the oil industry? Are these jobs open to women?)

    Upgrades and Downgrades


    The stories out of Facebook just keep getting worse. My god. I mean, I’m just glad that no one from Facebook is involved in education, ed-tech, ed reform, or education journalism.

    Via Techcrunch: “AWS makes Amazon.com personalization service available to all.” Stellar news for everyone who thinks the future of education is just like shopping at a mall.

    Via The Washington Post: “After Springsteen and ‘The Sopranos,’ Steven Van Zandt has a new mission: Getting every school to teach kids about America through rock music history.”

    “In an effort help educators make smart choices amid the deluge of ed-tech tools marketed to them, ISTE has partnered with a private company to create an online hub for teachers to review and post information on the quality of those products,” says EdWeek’s Market Brief. Its partner is LearnPlatform, formerly known as LearnTrials, has investors who include the Emerson Collective where the head of ISTE’s (Richard Culatta) former boss (Arne Duncan) is now a venture capitalist. Such a small world.

    Via Mashable: “The e-waste nightmare lurking in your kid’s toy box.” Many of them, I’d wager, were promoted elsewhere on the pages of Mashable, but whatever.

    The Not-So-Hidden Curriculum


    Via Vox: “The biggest lie we still teach in American history classes.”

    Meanwhile, in history workshops in Quebec… “Quebec Neo-Fascists are Teaching School Kids About Vikings,” says Vice.

    Robots and Other Education Science Fiction


    Via The Washington Post: “Wanted: The ‘perfect babysitter.’ Must pass AI scan for respect and attitude.”

    Perfect.

    “Computer science students at the University of California, Berkeley, are frustrated with a malfunctioning autograding system,” says Inside Higher Ed.

    (Venture) Philanthropy and the Business of Education Reform


    Sponsored content on Edsurge, paid for by the Chan Zuckerberg Initiative, this week includes this.

    This new version of Sesame Street is sad and terrible and brought to you by the letter F and U. (Tune in to tomorrow’s HEWN for more thoughts on this monstrosity.)

    Venture Capital and the Business of Education


    Tutoring company Topica Edtech Group has raised $50 million from Northstar Group.

    Tutoring company Vedantu has raised $11 million from the Omidyar Network and Accel Partners. The company has raised $16.6 million total.

    Educational fintech company LearnLux has raised $2 million from Adam Nash, Underscore VC, Sound Ventures, and Marc Benioff.

    Genius Corner has raised $278,000 from Ranbir Singh, Puneet Garg, Mahesh Mohta, Lakshmikantan Sundereswaran, and Dipak Varshney.

    Insight Venture Partners has acquiredInterfolio for $110 million.

    Cornerstone has acquiredGrovo for $24 million.

    Babbel has acquiredLingo Ventura.

    Sandbox has acquiredConstructive Media.

    “FTSE giant RELX plots £100m‎ bid for Times Higher Education,” SkyNews reports. RELX is the former weapons dealer known as Reed Elsevier.

    Data, Surveillance, and Information Security


    Larry Cuban onTechnological Monitoring of Student Work in a Classroom.”

    Looking forward to this technological monitoring coming to education technology.

    Research, “Research,” and Reports


    Via Edsurge: “Report: Climate Change and Migration Will Impact the Future of Schools.”

    “The Suburbs Are Changing. But Not in All the Ways Liberals Hope,” says The New York Times. In part, that is, these suburban voters oppose desegregation of schools.

    Via The Hechinger Report: “The number of public school students could fall by more than 8% in a decade.”

    Survey data from Edweek’s Market Brief: “Teachers’ Use of Ed-Tech Tools Rises Across the Board, But Time Pressures Persist.”

    Via Chalkbeat: “Students show up to school more often when they see ‘familiar faces,’ new study finds.”

    Via Education Week: “Majority of District Leaders Concerned About Cyber Threats, Project Tomorrow Report Finds.”

    Data from e-Literate: “Contrasting LMS Adoption Patterns in Four English-Speaking Countries.”

    The latest research from Pew: “Teens’ Social Media Habits and Experiences.”

    “Why Are Students Ditching the History Major?” asks The Chronicle of Higher Education.

    RIP


    The NYT obit: “Harold O. Levy, Progressive New York City Schools Chief, Dies at 65.” Another remembrance via NPR: “‘Harold Believed In Me’: Remembering A College Access Advocate And NYC Schools Leader.”

    Icon credits: The Noun Project


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  • 12/07/18--11:10: Hack Education Weekly News
  • Each week, I gather a wide variety of links to education and education technology articles. In the past, this all feeds the reviews I have written each December on the stories we are told about the future of education. I’m ending that series, I think, so I can focus on writing books. That means, after next week, I’m ending this particular series too. The moose diarrhea salesmen will keep selling you stories about that future though, don’t worry. You’re just going to have to get better at refusing to buy and drink their soda.

    (National) Education Politics


    “The U.S. Department of Education recently announced it would miss a key deadline to repeal an Obama administration rule that seeks to hold career-education programs accountable for producing graduates with unmanageable debt,” Inside Higher Ed reports on the latest on "gainful employment."

    Via The Intercept: “Pro-Charter School Democrats, Embattled in the Trump Era, Score a Win With Hakeem Jeffries.” The “update” to this story is something else.

    Via The Chronicle of Higher Education: “In Unusual Letter, Democratic Senators Ask ‘U.S. News’ to Change Emphasis of College Rankings.”

    Betsy DeVos touts Swiss approach for apprenticeships, but such business-driven career education options remain limited in the U.S.,” says Inside Higher Ed. Sidenote: I need to do some research into how this Swiss model perpetuates gender and race-based stereotypes in the workplace.

    (State and Local) Education Politics


    Via The New York Times: “Do Children Get a Subpar Education in Yeshivas? New York Says It Will Finally Find Out.”

    Via Chalkbeat: “New group will try to connect school board members pushing for ‘dramatic change’ in these 10 cities.” That change involves portfolios. That group is called School Board Partners.

    Desegregation is unraveling in this Texas town,” writes The Hechinger Report.

    Via EdWeek’s Market Brief: “Texas, a Prized K–12 Market, Approves Wave of Instructional Materials.”

    Via Chalkbeat: “Too few Michigan students are showing up to school. This study says fix unstable housing, not schools.”

    Via Chalkbeat: “New early learning initiative brings Sesame Street lessons into Memphis classrooms.”

    Lewis Ferebee named schools chief in Washington, D.C.,” Chalkbeat reports.

    A nice review in The Nation of Eve Ewing’s new book (and her work more broadly) on the closure of schools in Chicago.

    Immigration and Education


    “It will likely be easier for advanced degree holders from U.S. universities to get H–1B skilled worker visas under a rule change proposed by the Trump administration,” Inside Higher Ed reports.

    “The Dream Act Remains a Distant Dream,” according to commentary in The Chronicle of Higher Education.

    Education in the Courts


    Via The San Francisco Chronicle: “Conservative groups settle campus bias suit with UC Berkeley.”

    Via Buzzfeed: “Lawsuits Say Harvard’s Anti-Sexism Policy Discriminates Against Women.”

    Via The Sun Sentinel: “Student made social media threat to kill FAU professor, cops say.” FAU is Florida Atlantic University. Apparently the student was angry that his final exam was scheduled for 7am.

    The Business of Financial Aid


    “The Trump administration wants to spur more innovation in higher education. But some question whether pursuing federal student aid is worth it for alternative providerswrites Inside Higher Ed. Let’s ask, while we’re at it, if alternative providers are worth it for students.

    The “New” For-Profit Higher Ed


    “For-Profit College Chain, Education Corporation of America, Announces Shutdown,” NPR reports. “Collapse of For-Profit Chain Long in the Making,” says Inside Higher Ed. Via The New York Times: “For-Profit College Chain Closes, Shutting Out Nearly 20,000 Students.” “Fallout From For-Profit College Chain’s Closure Could Have Been Prevented,” says The Chronicle of Higher Education. The Washington Post notes this means the closure of two “local” colleges, Virginia College and Brightwood College.

    There’s more for-profit higher ed news up in the “national education politics” section above.

    Online Education (and the Once and Future “MOOC”)


    Mindwires Consulting’s Phil Hill analyzes a recent interview with Coursera’s CEO and argues the MOOC provider is “betting on OPM market and shift to low-cost masters degrees.”

    Meanwhile on Campus…


    Saudi Partnerships Are Too Valuable to Give Up, MIT Report Concludes,” The Chronicle of Higher Education reports. War machines gonna war, I guess.

    Silent Sam Survives,” writes Adam Harris.

    AAUP Chapters Revive as Professors See Threats to Academic Freedom,” The Chronicle of Higher Education reports.

    Via The New York Times: “George Soros-Founded University Is Forced Out of Hungary.” Via NPR: “American University CEU Kicked Out Of Hungary, Says It Will Move To Vienna.”

    Chalkbeat on the Detroit Delta Preparatory Academy for Social Justice: “‘If we don’t learn from this one, shame on us’: Lessons from a Detroit charter school that was set up to fail.”

    Fallout continues from the NYT story last week on T.M. Landry College Preparatory School. Via The Chronicle of Higher Education: “Disturbing Tale of Fraud and Abuse at a Prep School Rattles College Admissions.”

    Via Education Dive: “Case Western Reserve to launch blockchain think tank.” (See the upgrade/downgrade section below and have a good chuckle at the difference between a “think tank” and an actual product.)

    “Can Space Activate Learning?” asks Edsurge. “UC Irvine Seeks to Find Out With $67M Teaching Facility.”

    Prison Comics” from NPR: “Getting a College Education Behind Bars.”

    “Most Schools Don’t Have Clear Restroom Policies, and That’s a Public-Health Problem,” says Pacific Standard.

    Taylor Lorenz writes about “The Controversy Over Parents Who Eat Lunch With Their Children at School.” Then The New York Times gets in on the story too: “A Ban on Parents in the School Lunchroom? Everyone Seems to Have an Opinion.”

    Via NPR: “School-Based Counselors Help Kids Cope With Fallout From** Drug Addiction**.”

    Yes, Guns Are Ed-Tech (and It’s So F*cked Up that I Had to Make This a Category)


    Via The Sun Sentinel: “Hide, deny, spin, threaten: How the school district tried to mask failures that led to Parkland shooting.”

    “As Schools Comb Social Media for Potential Threats, Has Mass Shooting Anxiety Turned Administrators Into the ‘Internet Police’?” asks The 74. This should probably go in the “Betteridge’s Law of Headlines” section because the answer is “No.” Schools readily surveilled students online long before this.

    Accreditations and Certifications and Competencies


    LinkedIn and the Future of New Credentials” by Alex Usher.

    “Why States Should Break the College-Degree Stranglehold and Make Jobs Available to All Qualified Applicants,” Entangled Solutions’ Michael Horn and Gunnar Counselman argue.

    Go, School Sports Team!


    Via Inside Higher Ed: “U of Oregon Violated NCAA Rules in Multiple Programs.”

    Urban Meyer Retires From Ohio State,” Inside Higher Ed reports.

    Labor and Management


    Via The Atlantic: “The Charter-School Teachers’ Strike in Chicago Was ‘Inevitable’.” More on the strike at Acerofrom Chalkbeat.

    “What a Vision for Teaching the Whole Child Looks Like in Action,” according to one charter school principal featured by Edsurge: sparring with unions, so that’s fun.

    The highest paid star on YouTube: a 7 year old, hawking toys.

    There’s some hiring and retiring data in the local politics and in the sports sections above.

    The Business of Job Training (and Educational Benefits for Employees)


    The Inside Higher Ed headline saysHarvard Offers First Coding Boot Camp.” But it’s not Harvard. Rather Harvard has outsourced instruction to the for-profit company Trilogy Education.

    Count the misinformation in this piece in The 74 on the “entrepreneurial mindset” (in addition, of course, to the actual existence of something called an “entrepreneurial mindset.”)

    This Week in Betteridge’s Law of Headlines


    "Many Online Education Marketplaces Have Sputtered. Will Quizlet’s Pass the Test?" asks Edsurge.

    (Reminder: according to Betteridge’s Law of Headlines, “Any headline that ends in a question mark can be answered by the word no.”)

    Upgrades and Downgrades


    “Out of 43 Blockchain Startups, Zero Have Delivered Products,” it seems. But that sure doesn’t stop ed-tech from continuing to hype the hype.

    YouTube deletes cheating videos after BBC investigation,” the BBC boasts.

    High Tech Innovations and School Reform Joined at the HipLarry Cuban argues.

    Good grief, another story on teachers using Instagram.

    Reality TV might’ve signaled the decline of western civilization, but sure sure[ use it for professional development for educators](Professional Development Based on Reality TV). What could go wrong.

    “The Promise and Peril of Personalizationfrom Stanford’s Center for the Internet and Society.

    Via e-Literate: “Experience Economy: Enterprise software view into persistence and future of LMS market.”

    Robots and Other Education Science Fiction


    Martin Weller onAI in education – reality, uses, risks & ethics.”

    Peter Greene points to some “Real Stupid Artificial Intelligence.”

    (Venture) Philanthropy and the Business of Education Reform


    Via The New York Times: “Lego Foundation and Sesame Street Team Up to Help Refugee Children.”

    Venture Capital and the Business of Education


    Aceable has raised $47 million in Series B from Sageview Capital. It describes itself on Crunchbase as “an education startup that wants to revolutionize all those mind-numbingly boring online courses,” something that’s convinced investors to fund it to a tune of $55.7 million total.

    Edcast has raised $33.6 million in Series C funding from The London Fund, State Street Global Advisors, Stanford University, SoftBank Capital, REV Venture Capital, Crescent Enterprises, Cervin Ventures, and Mistletoe. “EdCast is an AI-powered knowledge cloud powers unified discovery, knowledge management and personalized learning,” according to its description on Crunchbase – something into which investors have dumped $66.2 million total.

    Short-term-jobs-for-students company Student Pop has raised $3.4 million from Partenaires and Educapital.

    Edsurge has raised $2.5 million from Golden Angels, and investors Deborah Quazzo and Jason Palmer. (It’s not clear from its self-reporting if it’s also raised money from the Chinese company TAL Education which it describes as a new partner “central to the deal.”) According to Crunchbase, Edsurge has now raised at least $8.2 million in venture capital funding (which does not include the millions it’s taken in from venture philanthropists).

    Google has acquired lesson-provider Workbench.

    TAL Education has acquiredCodeMonkey.

    Catapult Learning has acquiredLifeShare USA.

    Data, Surveillance, and Information Security


    Via The Verge: “Quora says hackers stole up to 100 million users’ data.” Andy Baio is here to remind you“Why You Should Never, Ever Use Quora.”

    Via The New York Times: “Facebook Used People’s Data to Favor Certain Partners and Punish Rivals, Documents Show.”

    Via The New York Times: “Oath Agrees to $5 Million Settlement Over Children’s Privacy Online.”

    Vox tries to shame its readers, pointing out that “Big tech has your kid’s data– and you probably gave it to them,” . But to be fair, your kids’ schools probably gave away your kids’ data too.

    “Staff Email Addresses Removed From District Websites to Improve Cybersecurity,” Education Week reports.

    Research, “Research,” and Reports


    Ed-tech funding data, gathered by yours truly, for the month of November.

    Via Edsurge: “In a New Survey, Teachers Say There’s a Disconnect in Computer Science Education.”

    Via Inside Higher Ed: “Broader College Completion Data From the Feds.”

    “Update On Teacher Diversity Data: Good News, Bad News, And Strange News” from the Albert Shanker Institute.

    Edsurge on a report from CASEL: “Students Say Poor Social and Emotional Skills Are Leaving Them Unprepared.”

    Via The New York Times: “Digital Divide Is Wider Than We Think, Study Says.”

    The best thing about this article in Edsurge is that it’s tagged both “opinion” and “research,” which is truly corporate ed-tech in a nutshell.

    Icon credits: The Noun Project